|Central coordinates||76o 38.18' East 12o 42.55' North|
|Altitude||880 - 1,127m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Situated north of Mysore, this Sanctuary was declared to protect the Grey Wolf Canis lupus pallipes. It has been named after the Melkote Yoganarasimhaswami Temple, a famous pilgrimage centre nearby. The Sanctuary is located in Mandya district and can be approached by rail or road from Bangalore to Mandya (100 km), then by road to the Sanctuary (35 km). The Sanctuary is divided into two blocks, Mudibetta (448 ha) and Narayanadurga (4,534 ha). Between the two blocks, a number of villages and cultivated land are present. The landscape is rocky, with dry deciduous and scrub vegetation (Manjrekar 2000). Cycas circinalis, an endangered gymnosperm, is characteristic of this area (Manjrekar 2000). A few patches of Shorea talura exist. Other species include Acacia leucophloea, Anogeissus latifolia, Ailanthus triphysa, Albizzia sp., Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sp., Santalum album and Zizyphus sp. (Manjrekar 2000). The forest is the catchment area of the Thonnur lake, one of the largest and deepest perennial irrigation tanks in the area (T. Shivanand in litt. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Melkote Temple||Sanctuary||4,982||is identical to site||4,982|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Settlements; Transportation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Thejaswi Shivanand.
Manjrekar, N. (ed.) (2000): A Walk on the Wild Side. Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing, Bangalore.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014
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