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Location Spain, País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 14.00' West  39o 46.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Formerly an area of marshland with only a few lagoons remaining. The main human activities are arable cultivation and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding waders, breeding and wintering herons and wintering ducks. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (five wintering individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1997  26-2,600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis winter  1997  599-2,026 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1996  156 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus resident  1996  59 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  1996  12 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1996  35 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  60%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches; Shingle & stony beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
hunting 80%
urban/industrial/transport 10%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Almenara marshes. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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