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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 75o 18.45' East  13o 21.03' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 56,328 ha
Altitude 134 - 1,892m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Kudremukh National Park is located in the central Western Ghats and comprises highly complex vegetation mosaic of Tropical Wet Evergreen, Tropical Semi-Evergreen forest, Montane Wet Temperate Forest (Shola) and Montane Grassy Slopes richly nourished by several hill streams and torrents (Krishnamurthy et al. 2000). This Park is the largest protected area in the central part of the long chain of the Western Ghats. There are coffee and tea estates on the north and east, while the Ghats descend from an average of 1,500 m above msl to sea level on the west. To the northwest, an evergreen forest corridor connects the Park to the Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary. A central ridge runs through the Park from north to south, with the highest point at Kudremukh Peak (1,892 m). Shola forest and grasslands dominate the Park above 1,400 m; lowland evergreen forest is present at lower elevations on both slopes of the hills. The Netravati, Tunga and Bhadra rivers originate in the Park.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus 2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyurus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Kerala Laughingthrush Strophocincla fairbanki resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kudremukh National Park 56,328 is identical to site 56,328  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 795,315 protected area contains site 56,328  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Thejaswi Shivanand.

Further web sources of information 

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This site has been identified as an AZE due to it containing a Critically Endangered or Endangered species with a limited range.

References 

Anonymous (2001) Report on the impact of Iron Ore mining on the Flora And Fauna of Kudremukh National Park. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Unpublished Report to the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Groves, C. (2001) Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Hussain, S. A., Krishnamurthy, S. V., Rao, N. R., and Nagraj, S. (1999) An overview of some aspects of the biodiversity of the Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka. Chap.16. In: Biodiversity of the Western Ghats Complex of Karnataka. Resource Utilization and Sustainable Development. (Eds.S. A. Hussain & K. P. Achar). Biodiversity Initiative Trust, Mangalore. Pp. 181-225.

Krishamurthy, S. V., Manjunatha Reddy, A. H. and Gururaja, K. V. (2000) A new species of frog in the genus Nyctibatrachus (Anura: Ranidae) from Western Ghats, India. Current Science, 80 (7): 887-891.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wedge, D. C. (1998) Endemic bird areas of the world- Priorities for biodiversity conservation. Birdlife Conservation series, No.7, Birdlife International.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kudremukh National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014

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