|Central coordinates||75o 1.50' East 14o 26.50' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Gudavi Bird Sanctuary is one of the well-known bird sanctuaries of Karnataka. It is located 13 km from Sorab and 0.5 km from Gudavi village, in Shimoga district. Gudavi, a traditional nesting habitat for a number of colonial waterbirds, appears to have been in existence for well over a century. The Sanctuary is a medium-sized tank of 30 ha with a raised bund, bordered on the eastern and southwestern sides by open, moist, deciduous forest. The waterspread area has been demarcated into a small southern and a much larger northern sector by raised bunds. The smaller sector harbours heronry where 12 species of waterbirds breed from July to November. The northern sector is inhabited by a variety of resident and migratory waterbirds. Vitex leucoxylon, Kirganelia reticulata and Phyllanthus polyphyllus trees in the tank provide these birds with good nesting sites (Manjrekar 2000). On its northern side, the Sanctuary has agricultural fields. The water from the tank is used for irrigating paddy fields on the eastern side of the Varada river, which flows 0.5 km from the Sanctuary (Lal et al. 1994). The tank gets flooded during the monsoon and becomes shallow and dry during summer. The average depth of water in the heronry is 1.5 m and the maximum depth is about 2 m. The vegetation around the tank is Moist Evergreen Deciduous type. The tank has floating lilies and Azolla, among other water plants. Tree species on the periphery are dominated by Vitex leucoxylon and Phyllanthus polyphyllus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Gudavi Bird Sanctuary||Sanctuary||74||is identical to site||74|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: B. B. Hosetti and K. V. Gururaja.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Gururaja, K. V., Aravinda, N. A. and Raghunatha, V. (1993) Checklist of Birds of Shimoga and Gudavi. Pp. 77-80. In Bird Conservation Strategies for the Nineties and beyond (eds. Verghese, A. Sridhar, S. and Chakravarthy, A. K.). Ornithological Society of India, Bangalore.
Lal, R., Kothari, A., Pande, P. and Singh, S. (Eds.) (1994) Directory of National Parks and Sanctuaries in Karnataka, Management Status and Profiles. Center for Public Policy, Planning and Environmental Studies, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi.
Manjrekar, N. (ed.) (2000) A Walk on the Wild Side Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing, Bangalore.
Ragunatha V. (1993) Final report on an Ecological study of waterbirds at Gudavi Bird Sanctuary. Report submitted to WWF-India, New Delhi.
Subramanya, S. (1996) Distribution, status and conservation of Indian Heronries. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93: 459-486.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gudavi Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/12/2013
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