|Central coordinates||74o 37.60' East 15o 13.45' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||100 - 970m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description At one time, with an area of 5,72,900 ha, Dandeli was one of the largest sanctuaries in Asia. However, in 1987, it was reduced to 83,400 ha. The area was drastically reduced, ostensibly to make it ‘more manageable’, but actually to allocate areas for industrial, mining, and other purposes. At the same time, an area of 25,000 ha in the southern part of the Sanctuary was constituted as the Anshi National Park (an IBA). But the forests of Bhimgad, another IBA, (which were part of the original Sanctuary) have not been notified till now despite the recommendation of the Karnataka Forest Department to re-notify about 55,000 ha as Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary. Forestry operations are still being carried out in the Sanctuary. Bhagwan Mahavir Sanctuary (an IBA) in Goa adjoins the Sanctuary on its western border. Many rivers pass through these forests, the most important being the Kali. The Sanctuary has a great diversity in habitats, due to which it has a rich assortment of wildlife, especially avifauna. The IBA has forests ranging from Moist Deciduous to Semievergreen, spread over undulating terrain. Teak plantations of various age-class exist in the Sanctuary. The area is also rich in bamboo, and herbs and climbers of medicinal value.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dandeli||Sanctuary||47,502||is identical to site||47,502|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|North Karnataka Birders Network||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|energy production and mining||-|
|Notes: Forestry (monoculture)|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Girish Jathar, David Stanton and Deepak Apte.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Jathar, G. (1998) Birds of Dandeli, Unpublished.
Karthikeyan, S., Jayanth, M. S. and Hemanth, J. (1993) Birds of Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 33: 83-85.
Pendharkar, A (in press) New colony of Wroughton’s Free-tailed Bat Otomops wroughtonii in Kawala Caves, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Zoo’s Print Journal.
Rasmussen, P. C. and Anderton, J. C. (in press) Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014
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