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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 74o 37.60' East  15o 13.45' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 84,316 ha
Altitude 100 - 970m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description At one time, with an area of 5,72,900 ha, Dandeli was one of the largest sanctuaries in Asia. However, in 1987, it was reduced to 83,400 ha. The area was drastically reduced, ostensibly to make it ‘more manageable’, but actually to allocate areas for industrial, mining, and other purposes. At the same time, an area of 25,000 ha in the southern part of the Sanctuary was constituted as the Anshi National Park (an IBA). But the forests of Bhimgad, another IBA, (which were part of the original Sanctuary) have not been notified till now despite the recommendation of the Karnataka Forest Department to re-notify about 55,000 ha as Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary. Forestry operations are still being carried out in the Sanctuary. Bhagwan Mahavir Sanctuary (an IBA) in Goa adjoins the Sanctuary on its western border. Many rivers pass through these forests, the most important being the Kali. The Sanctuary has a great diversity in habitats, due to which it has a rich assortment of wildlife, especially avifauna. The IBA has forests ranging from Moist Deciduous to Semievergreen, spread over undulating terrain. Teak plantations of various age-class exist in the Sanctuary. The area is also rich in bamboo, and herbs and climbers of medicinal value.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dandeli Sanctuary 47,502 is identical to site 47,502  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
North Karnataka Birders Network 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
energy production and mining -
Notes: Mining
forestry -
Notes: Forestry (monoculture)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Girish Jathar, David Stanton and Deepak Apte.

References 

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Jathar, G. (1998) Birds of Dandeli, Unpublished.

Karthikeyan, S., Jayanth, M. S. and Hemanth, J. (1993) Birds of Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 33: 83-85.

Pendharkar, A (in press) New colony of Wroughton’s Free-tailed Bat Otomops wroughtonii in Kawala Caves, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Zoo’s Print Journal.

Rasmussen, P. C. and Anderton, J. C. (in press) Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014

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