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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 77o 27.23' East  12o 18.68' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 52,696 ha
Altitude 125 - 1,514m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description As the name indicates, this Sanctuary is situated on the banks of the River Cauvery, which flows through the major part of this protected area. The River Cauvery demarcates the northern and eastern boundary of the Sanctuary. To the east and northeast, the Sanctuary is bordered by Tamil Nadu state. Deciduous and riverine forests cover much of the area, especially the eastern parts. The Sanctuary has riverine and dry deciduous forests, and some patches of scrub forest. Along the river, trees such as Terminalia arjuna and Syzygium cumini dominate the vegetation. Tamarindus indica, Hardwickia binnata, Acacia amara, Feronia sp., Ficus sp. and species of Acacia represent the vegetation in the rest of the Sanctuary. The northwestern part has been cleared, but good forests survive in other areas (Lal et al. 1994).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cauvery Sanctuary 52,696 is identical to site 52,696  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: S. Subramanya.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Lal, R., Kothari, A., Pande, P. and Singh, S. (1994) (Eds.) Directory of National Parks and Sanctuaries in Karnataka, Management Status and Profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp. 231 Lott, E. J. (1987a) Birds of the Kaveri Valley. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 27 (1-2): 7-10 Lott, E. J. (1987b) Birds of the Kaveri Valley (continued). Newsletter for Birdwatchers 27 (3-4): 12-16.

Lott, E. J. (1987c) Birds of the Kaveri Valley- additions. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 27 (9-10): 16.

Lott, E. and Lott, C. (1999) On the occurence of White-naped Tit (Parus nuchalis) in Southern India. Forktail 15 : 93-94.

Manjrekar, N. (ed.) (2000) A Walk on the Wild Side, Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing.

Shivanand, T. (in press) Status of the Greater Spotted Eagle, Aquila clanga Pallas in the wetlands of the Kaveri Basin of Karnataka. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 02/10/2014

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