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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 75o 45.20' East  12o 16.50' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 18,129 ha
Altitude 65 - 1,607m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Sanctuary, located on the Karnataka-Kerala border, adjoins Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. It is separated from the Nagarhole National Park by a narrow strip of coffee estates and from the Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary by a thick evergreen forest corridor and coffee estates. It forms the catchment for the Lakshmanathirtha river, a tributary of the Cauvery. On the lower altitudes and slopes, evergreen forests dominate, while on the higher hills, montane sholas and grasslands are found.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus 2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-chinned Laughingthrush Strophocincla cachinnans resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Endangered 
Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Brahmagiri Sanctuary 18,129 is identical to site 18,129  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 795,315 protected area overlaps with site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism /Trekking

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Thejaswi Shivanand, A. Sivaprakash and S. V. Narasimhan..

References 

Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Betts, F. N. (1951) The birds of Coorg. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 20- 63, 224-263.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Davison, W. (1883) Notes on some birds collected on the Nilghiris and in parts of Wynaad and southern Mysore. Stray Feathers 10: 329-419.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.

Groves, C. (2001) Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Vijayan, R. (2002) Status of the White-bellied Shortwing in Karnataka and Goa. Technical Report. Pp. 18. Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/09/2014

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