|Central coordinates||77o 5.13' East 11o 50.02' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||600 - 1,800m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, is the easternmost extension of the main Western Ghats. This unique extension constitutes a live bridge between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats with the Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary located near the middle of this bridge. Thus the biota of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary is expected to be similar to that of Western Ghats, with a significant proportion of Eastern Ghats elements as well. It is named after the Biligiri (white cliff) on which the temple of Lord Rangaswamy is located. The Sanctuary is the only large patch of forest left outside the main Western Ghats. The entire spectrum of macro-habitats is represented within the 54,000 ha of the Sanctuary. The major vegetation within the Sanctuary has been recorded (Ramesh 1989). Deciduous (moist and dry) comprises about 61%, scrub 28%, and grassland about 3.4%. Higher elevation areas are characterized by evergreen (6.5%) and high altitude sholas (0.8%) (Ramesh 1989).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Nilgiri Wood-pigeon Columba elphinstonii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyurus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Biligiri Rangaswami Temp||Sanctuary||53,952||is identical to site||53,952|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: N. A. Aravind and other workshop participants.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Aravind, N. A., Rao, Dinesh and Madhusudan, P. S. (2001) Additions to the Birds of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India. Zoo’s Print 16(7): 541-547.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.
Karthikeyan, S., Prasad J. N. and Srinivasa T. S. (1995) Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Jerdon) at Biligirirangan Hills, Karnataka. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 92 (1): 123-124.
Ramesh, B. R. (1989) Flora of Biligirirangan Hill. Ph.D. Thesis, Madras University, Madras (Unpublished).
Srinivasa, T. S., Karthikeyan, S.and Prasad, J. N. (1997) Faunal survey of Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary. Merlin Nature Club, Bangalore.
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