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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 76o 22.47' East  11o 49.82' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 87,420 ha
Altitude 690 - 1,450m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Extremely rich wildlife characterizes Bandipur, one of the most famous national parks not only in Karnataka but also in the country. Contiguous to Mudumalai WLS (IBA) in Tamil Nadu in the south, to Wynaad WLS (IBA) in Kerala in the southwest, and to Nagarhole NP (IBA site) in the northwest, it holds most of the representative species of South India biodiversity. This Park is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Details about the habitats and fauna are given by Sharatchandra and Gadgil (1975), and Johnsingh (1983, 1984). Much work on the wildlife of the Park has been done by Gadgil (1974) of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Johnsingh (1983) completed a long-term study of wild dog Cuon alpinus at the Park. An ecological reconnaissance by Nair et al. (1977) referred to the formation of the Jawahar National Park, especially in the context of elephant habitat, and under Project Tiger scheme. The terrain of Bandipur is undulating and broken by chains of hills, flat-topped hillocks and watercourses. The Park is drained by the perennial Kabini, Nugu and Moyar rivers, and by the Bavali, Moolehole, Kekkanalla, and Marandi streams. The River Moyar has cut a picturesque, 260 m deep gorge, prosaically known as the Mysore Ditch (Neginhal 1974). The soil is usually a mixture of red laterite and black cotton soil. In some places, sandstone, semiquartzite and shales are present (Jain and Sastry 1983). Cultivated land borders the north side of the National Park. The Kabini river, across which a major irrigation dam has come up at Beechanahalli, forms the boundary between this Park and the Nagarhole NP. Three main types of vegetation are observed in the Park, namely Scrub in the easternmost portion, Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest in the central portion, and Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest in the western part. The Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest has a top canopy of Anogeissus latifolia, Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, and others (Neginhal 1974). The undergrowth comprises mainly grasses and Lantana. The Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest in the National Park used to feature extensive stands of Bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea and Dendrocalamus strictus). Top canopy species include: Tectona grandis, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Terminalia tomentosa, Dalbergia latifolia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Salmalia malabarica, Kydia calycina, Adina cordifolia, Stereospermum zylocarpum, Schleichera oleosa and Ficus infectoria. Details of vegetation are given in Naginhal (1974) and Jain and Sastry (1983).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus 2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 
White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bandipur National Park 87,420 is identical to site 87,420  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Thejaswi Shivanand.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Gadgil, M. (1974) Wildlife Ecology Research Project, Bandipur National Park. Report for the period May-November, 1974. Centre for Theoretical Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.

Jain, P. (2001) Project Tiger Status Report. Project Tiger, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Jain, S. K. and Sastry, A. R. K. (1983) Botany of some tiger habitats in India. Botanical Survey of India, Howrah. Pp.71.

Johnsingh, A. J. T. (1983) Large mammalian prey-predators in Bandipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 80: 1-57.

Nair, S. S. C., Nair, P. V., Sharatchandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M. (1977) An ecological reconnaisance of the proposed Jawahar National Park. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 74: 401-435.

Neginhal, S. G. (1974) Project Tiger. Management plan of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Karnataka State. Pp.142.

Sharatchandra, H. C. and Gadgil, M., (1975) A year of Bandipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 72: 623-646.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bandipur National Park. Downloaded from on 23/09/2014

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