|Central coordinates||76o 22.47' East 11o 49.82' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||690 - 1,450m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Extremely rich wildlife characterizes Bandipur, one of the most famous national parks not only in Karnataka but also in the country. Contiguous to Mudumalai WLS (IBA) in Tamil Nadu in the south, to Wynaad WLS (IBA) in Kerala in the southwest, and to Nagarhole NP (IBA site) in the northwest, it holds most of the representative species of South India biodiversity. This Park is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Details about the habitats and fauna are given by Sharatchandra and Gadgil (1975), and Johnsingh (1983, 1984). Much work on the wildlife of the Park has been done by Gadgil (1974) of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Johnsingh (1983) completed a long-term study of wild dog Cuon alpinus at the Park. An ecological reconnaissance by Nair et al. (1977) referred to the formation of the Jawahar National Park, especially in the context of elephant habitat, and under Project Tiger scheme. The terrain of Bandipur is undulating and broken by chains of hills, flat-topped hillocks and watercourses. The Park is drained by the perennial Kabini, Nugu and Moyar rivers, and by the Bavali, Moolehole, Kekkanalla, and Marandi streams. The River Moyar has cut a picturesque, 260 m deep gorge, prosaically known as the Mysore Ditch (Neginhal 1974). The soil is usually a mixture of red laterite and black cotton soil. In some places, sandstone, semiquartzite and shales are present (Jain and Sastry 1983). Cultivated land borders the north side of the National Park. The Kabini river, across which a major irrigation dam has come up at Beechanahalli, forms the boundary between this Park and the Nagarhole NP. Three main types of vegetation are observed in the Park, namely Scrub in the easternmost portion, Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest in the central portion, and Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest in the western part. The Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest has a top canopy of Anogeissus latifolia, Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, and others (Neginhal 1974). The undergrowth comprises mainly grasses and Lantana. The Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest in the National Park used to feature extensive stands of Bamboo (Bambusa arundinacea and Dendrocalamus strictus). Top canopy species include: Tectona grandis, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Terminalia tomentosa, Dalbergia latifolia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Salmalia malabarica, Kydia calycina, Adina cordifolia, Stereospermum zylocarpum, Schleichera oleosa and Ficus infectoria. Details of vegetation are given in Naginhal (1974) and Jain and Sastry (1983).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus||-||2004||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Bandipur||National Park||87,420||is identical to site||87,420|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Thejaswi Shivanand.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Gadgil, M. (1974) Wildlife Ecology Research Project, Bandipur National Park. Report for the period May-November, 1974. Centre for Theoretical Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.
Jain, P. (2001) Project Tiger Status Report. Project Tiger, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.
Jain, S. K. and Sastry, A. R. K. (1983) Botany of some tiger habitats in India. Botanical Survey of India, Howrah. Pp.71.
Johnsingh, A. J. T. (1983) Large mammalian prey-predators in Bandipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 80: 1-57.
Nair, S. S. C., Nair, P. V., Sharatchandra, H.C. and Gadgil, M. (1977) An ecological reconnaisance of the proposed Jawahar National Park. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 74: 401-435.
Neginhal, S. G. (1974) Project Tiger. Management plan of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve. Karnataka State. Pp.142.
Sharatchandra, H. C. and Gadgil, M., (1975) A year of Bandipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 72: 623-646.
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