|Central coordinates||74o 25.33' East 15o 3.98' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||200 - 927m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Anshi National Park lies in the Western Ghats, adjoining the state of Goa, to the south of the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Earlier, it was a part of Dandeli WLS. This step “to alter the limits and boundaries of the sanctuary was considered necessary in view of the hydroelectric project, naval base, rehabilitation of displaced persons, road, transmission lines, mining and other industries which existed in it” (quoted in Lal et al. 1994). The Park area is less disturbed than the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. To the west, the Park adjoins the Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary in Goa. Anshi can be reached from Bangalore by road or rail to Dharwad (470 km), then by road to Dandeli (62 km) and on to Anshi (38 km). Anshi NP contains deep valleys, steep hills, and rich Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen forests. Tectona grandis, Eucalyptus and Silver Oak Grevillea robusta plantations were raised in the Park. Invasive species such as Eupatorium, Chromolaena odorata, Lantana camara and Parthenium sp. are found in the Park. Eupatorium has spread in open areas created by clear felling carried out in the past, along roads, and in the grid lines cut by the Karnataka Power Corporation.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Nilgiri Wood-pigeon Columba elphinstonii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Anshi||National Park||25,000||is identical to site||25,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Human habitation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Thejaswi Shivanand, Sanjay Sondhi, Anchal Sondhi and Sanjay Thakur.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Inskipp, T., Lindsey, N. and Duckworth, W. (1996) An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, U.K.
Lal, R., Kothari, A., Pande, P. and Singh, S. (Eds.) (1994) Directory of National Parks and Sanctuaries in Karnataka, Management Status and Profiles. Centre for Public Policy, Planning and Environmental Studies, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi.
Rasmussen, P. C. and Anderton, J. C. (in press) Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Sondhi, S., Sondhi, A. and Thakur, S. (1998) Anshi National Park, Karnataka: A trip report. (mimeographed).
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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