|Central coordinates||46o 15.00' East 40o 56.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2|
|Altitude||0 - 200m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (visitor throughout the year, formerly bred). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Phalacrocorax carbo (15-20 pairs), Aquila pomarina (2-3 pairs, possibly more). Other breeding birds include Alcedo atthis (very common), Coracias garrulus (common) and woodpeckers. Ciconia nigra (status uncertain, probably breeds).
Site description Tugai forests with Populus, Salix in the Kura valley and remnants of tugai forests in the Iori delta (Mingechaur reservoir). There are also pastures, semi-arid steppe and scrub. Land-uses include grazing (buffalo and sheep) and some cultivation/arable farming.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus||resident||-||50-100 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||breeding||-||1-2 breeding pairs||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|NAT AZ036||Game Reserve||0||protected area overlaps with site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Broadleaved deciduous woodland||-|
|Grassland||Steppes and dry calcareous grassland||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations The Game Reserve was established mainly to protect Phasianus colchicus, Francolinus francolinus and game animals. The Iori delta section is not protected. Grazing inhibits forest regeneration and illegal tree-felling (`Other' threat) also occurs.
Protection status National Partial International NoneIBA partly covered by Game Reserve.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shamkhor area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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