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Location Azerbaijan, Shamkhor
Central coordinates 46o 15.00' East  40o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 200m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description Tugai forests with Populus, Salix in the Kura valley and remnants of tugai forests in the Iori delta (Mingechaur reservoir). There are also pastures, semi-arid steppe and scrub. Land-uses include grazing (buffalo and sheep) and some cultivation/arable farming.

Key Biodiversity Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (visitor throughout the year, formerly bred). Significant proportion (³1%) of national population breeding at site: Phalacrocorax carbo (15-20 pairs), Aquila pomarina (2-3 pairs, possibly more). Other breeding birds include Alcedo atthis (very common), Coracias garrulus (common) and woodpeckers. Ciconia nigra (status uncertain, probably breeds).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus resident  50-100 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca breeding  1-2 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
NAT AZ036 Game Reserve 0 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  -
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Protection status National Partial International NoneIBA partly covered by Game Reserve.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shamkhor area. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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