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Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 74o 52.00' East  32o 44.80' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 1,275 ha
Altitude 131 - 186m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description This is a very old sanctuary, established on Ramnagar ridge by the erstwhile Maharaja of Kashmir, nearly 5 decades ago. It is situated north of Jammu city. The Jammu-Srinagar national highway passes through the western side of the Sanctuary. The Sanctuary is roughly wedge-shaped and located in the Kar Nullah which ultimately drains into Tawi river. The topography ranges from gently undulating to very steep cliffs. The forest is a part of the Lower Siwaliks, hence it is important for many Biome restricted species. An important shrine of Mata Vaishno Devi is located close to the Sanctuary, and visited by millions of pilgrims, but due to neglect of this area by the Forest Department, most of the visitors are not aware that they are near a Sanctuary. The area is covered with mixed scrub forest with occasional Chir Pinus trees. The vegetation of the Sanctuary as per the revised classification by Champion and Seth (1968) comes under the major group “Subtropical Northern Mixed Dry Deciduous Forests”. A variety of Subtropical broadleaf trees and shrubs are found in the Sanctuary, dominant among them being Acacia modesta. Some of the species found in this Sanctuary are Acacia arabica, Acacia catachu, Adhatoda vasica Adina coardifolia, Aegle marmelos, Albizzia lebbeck, Bauhinia purpurea, Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo and Ziziphus mauritiana.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ramnagar Rakha Sanctuary 1,275 is identical to site 1,275  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Ramnagar SSG 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Tahir Shawl.

References 

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of the forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Groves, C. (2001) Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C.

Hussein, S. (1999-2000) Eco-development plan of Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary: 1999-2000. Department of Wildlife Protection, Jammu and Kashmir Government.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife