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Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 74o 46.00' East  33o 47.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 300 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Mirgund jheel is a shallow freshwater lake with associated reed beds and riverine marshes on the river Jhelum. The lake is fed by the local runoff and two nullhas. Much of the wetland dries out during the summer, and the water level fluctuates considerably according to the local runoff. The depth of the water varies between 0.1 m and 0.5 m. Large areas of Willow (Salix sp.) have been planted on the periphery of the lake (Scott 1989). Earthen bunds have been constructed to maintain the water level, and also to control siltation. The area has extensive reed beds and marshland. The open waterspread has floating communities of Nymphea candicia and N. stellata. The wetland is surrounded by paddy fields, pastures and plantations. All these habitat types provide foraging grounds for birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: M. A. Parsa and M. R. Dar.

References 

Scott, D. A. (ed.) (1989) A Directory of Asian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. xiv + 1181 pp, 33 maps Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mirgund Jheel and Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

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