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Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 74o 22.00' East  34o 9.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 4,375 ha
Altitude 2,300 - 4,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Limbar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name from the Limbar Nala that drains it and Limbar village that lies in its lower catchment. It is about 74 km northwest of Srinagar, on the Srinagar- Uri national highway. It is bounded to the north by Bhurji Forest in Langet Forest Division, to the south by the River Jhelum, east by Katha Forest and to the west by Salamabad Forest. Earlier it was a game reserve, but in 1987, it was notified as a wildlife sanctuary with a core area of 1,200 ha. It comprises the entire catchment of Limbar Nala, that flows almost north to south. Limber Nala joins the Jhelum river near Pringal village. The topography of this Sanctuary consists of steep slopes, broken by precipitous cliffs in the upper reaches of the valley. Extensive avalanches and landslides are characteristic of the upper valleys. Limbar Valley WLS contains several floral types. The Coniferous forest consists of Deodar Cedrus deodara dominated forest, with Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana and Viburnum grandiflorum understorey; Blue Pine forest dominated by Pinus griffithii, with stands of Deodar, Silver Fir Abies pindrow and Spruce Picea smithiana; and the third type is Silver Fir forest, with some Pine and Spruce. Broadleaved forest consists of Chinar Platanus orientalis stands near the village Limbar, Walnut Juglans regia wood cover and stands of Horse Chestnut Aesculus indica near the riverine belt of Viji (Mithawani area). The tree line along the gentle alpine slopes supports Birch Betula utilis, with isolated trees of Horse Chestnut, Silver Fir and Walnut. Juniper Juniperus recurva and Rhododendron anthopogon grow at higher elevations. The Alpine meadows have a rich herbaceous ground cover of genera Inula, Caltha, Primula, Potentilla, Corydalis, Gentiana, Anemone, Myosotis and Polygonum (Bacha 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Limber Sanctuary 4,375 is identical to site 4,375  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlement

Acknowledgements Key contributors: M. S. Bacha and M. A. Parsa.


Bacha, M. S. (1999) Centrally Sponsored Schemes: Development of National Parks and Sanctuaries and Eco-Development around Protected Areas of Limbar Wildlife Sanctuary. Department of Wildlife Protection, Jammu and Kashmir Government, Srinagar.

Bacha, M. S. (2000) Development of Natural Parks and Sanctuaries: Limbar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary (2000-2001). Department of Wildlife Protection, Jammu and Kashmir Government, Srinagar.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Groves, C. (2001) Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Hussain, S. A. (1989) Bird Migration Project Annual Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp 62.

Javed, S. (1992) Birds of Limbar Valley Forest (Jammu & Kashmir). Newsletter for Birdwatchers 32(5&6): 13-15.

Prater, S. H. (1980) The book of Indian Animals. (Third edition) Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Limbar Valley Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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