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Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 76o 12.50' East  33o 37.20' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 40,500 ha
Altitude 1,700 - 4,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description This high altitude national park is named after the old town of Kistwar, in Doda district. It is located c. 40 km northeast of Kistwar. Like most of the protected areas in Kashmir, Kistwar NP forms the catchment area of many rivers and streams (nullahs). The important ones are Kiyar, Nanth and Kibber nallahs, all draining southwest into Marau river which joins the Chenab river just above Kistwar town. The Marau drains the western slopes of the Bramah and Nun Kun ranges. The Park is bounded to the north by the Rinnay river, south by Kibber Nullah catchment, to the east by the main divide of the Great Himalayas and to the west by Marau river. The terrain is mostly precipitous, rough and rugged. Moderate to very steep slopes are seen, mostly covered with thick forests. The slopes are broken by rocky cliffs, which form ideal habitats for the Himalayan Ibex Capra sibirica. Due to its latitude, high altitudes, high ridges and narrow, deep forest-covered valleys, the climate is extreme. Winters are extremely severe, and in some areas winter rains are common, although most precipitation is in the form of snow. Strong winds enhance the extreme cold in winter. Kistwar NP has 13 main vegetation types, from alpine grasslands, to mixed coniferous forests, to Oak-Fir forests. Broadleaf forest occurs in the nullahs and cool damp aspects. Silver Fir Abies pindrow occurs in pure stands, but also mixed with Deodar Cedrus deodara and Kail. In general, Silver Fir and Spruce Picea wallichiana, mixed with Cedar Cedrus deodara and Blue Pine Pinus griffithii, are predominant from 2,400 m to 3,000 m. The main forest types are: Moist Deodar Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous Forests, Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest, Low-level Blue Pine Forest, West Himalayan Upper Oak Forest, Chilgoza Pine Forest, Dry Deodar Forests, Parrotia Scrub Forests, West Himalayan High Level Dry Blue Pine Forest, West Himalayan Sub-alpine Birch/Fir Forest, Sub-alpine Pasture, Birch- Rhododendron Scrub Forest and Alpine Pastures (Anon. undated).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kistwar National Park 40,000 is identical to site 40,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research

Acknowledgements Key contributors: M. S. Bacha, Rahul Kaul, M. M. Baba and Peter Garson..

References 

Bacha, M. S. (1986) Snow leopard recovery plan for Kistwar High Altitude National Park, Jammu and Kashmir State, 1986-87 to 1989-90. Department of Wildlife Protection, Srinagar. Pp. 51

Anonymous (undated) Census Report of Ibex (Capra sibirica) in Kistwar High Altitude National Park: Jammu and Kashmir State- 1999-2000. Department of Wildlife Protection, Srinagar.

Gaston, A. J. (1982) A national park for Kistwar. Hornbill (4): 10-14.

Groves, C. (2001) Primate Taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C.

Kurt, F. (1976) Study plan for IUCN/WWF Project No. 1103 (22-4): Hangul, India- ecological study to identify conservation needs. Unpublished report. Pp. 20.

Scott, G., Rowcliffe, M., Stoneman, J. and Watts, S. (1988) University of Newcastle Kashmir Expedition 1988. Final report. Unpublished. Pp. 40

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kistwar National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

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