email a friend
printable version
Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 79o 0.00' East  32o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 8,000 ha
Altitude 4,250 - 4,350m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description These marshes are located west and north of Hanle village in Ladakh, near the border with China. They are partly state owned and partly under the Hanle Buddhist monastery. The habitat is a complex of fast flowing streams, stagnant pools, saline marshes, seasonally flooded marshes, and bogs along the Hanle river, 45 km south of its confluence with the Indus river. The wetlands are frozen from November to April and are fed by snowmelt in summer. The freshwater pools shelter species such as Hydrilla, Myriophyllum, Potamogeton, and an edible aquatic lichen

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazing
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Local recreation (no tourist permit is issued to this area)
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Otto Pfister and Rauf Zargar.


Pfister, O. (2001) Birds recorded during visits to Ladakh, India, from 1994 to 1997. Oriental Bird Club, London, Forktail 17: 81-90.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hanle Plains (Hanle River marshes). Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife