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Location India, Jammu & Kashmir
Central coordinates 78o 45.00' East  33o 35.05' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Chushul Marshes lie within Changthan, east and west of Chushul village near the Chinese border. The habitats consist of shallow ponds, marshes, borax plains and wet meadows in a broad sandy valley. Springs and streams flowing down into the Valley from the Ladakh range create the ponds and marshes. Some streams terminate on the sandy plains in stagnant pools which become more saline as they evaporate. Others carry enough water to flow into the Pangong Tso. Most of the ponds and marshes remain frozen from November to March. The principal vegetation consists of species of Hydrilla, Myriophyllum in the ponds and Carex, other sedges and grasses in the marshes. The surrounding steppe is dominated by Caragana.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Urban settlements

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Rauf Zargar, Bivash Pandav and S. A. Hussain.

References 

Hussain, S. A. and Pandav, B (2001) Bench mark ecological status of wetlands of Ladakh, Study report – 2001. Wildlife Insitute of India, Dehra Dun. India, Pp. 1-13.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chushul marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014

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