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Location India, Jharkhand
Central coordinates 84o 9.58' East  23o 39.60' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 79,433 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,140m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Palamau Tiger Reserve lies in the western part of the Chhotanagpur plateau. It was one of the first nine Tiger reserves launched in 1973. The forest stretches from the edge of the Netarhat Hill Range in the south to the river Auranga in the north and from the Latehar- Sarju road in the east to the Madhya Pradesh border in the west. The forests of Palamau are the catchment of the River North Koel. The Reserve has Sal Shorea robusta forests in the lower slopes and Dry Deciduous forests in the upper slopes. Bamboo and scattered open grassy patches are common. Almost pure patches of Bel Aegle marmelos are unique vegetation types found mostly in the northern part of the Reserve. The Reserve also has several waterfalls and a hot water spring (Jain 2001).

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Although the avifauna is largely unstudied, about 170 bird species have been recorded (Sinha and Mukherjee 1995), including six globally threatened species and 24 biome restricted species. Although none of the globally threatened species have significant populations in Palamau, the Reserve, especially the core area of 21,300 ha is good for birds of dry deciduous forests (Biome-11). We have included this site mainly on the basis of biome-restricted assemblage criteria. More studies are required to find out the density and abundance of various species of birds.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Other than the Tiger Panthera tigris, mammals commonly sighted are Leopard Panthera pardus, Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Chital Axis axis, Barking deer Muntiacus muntjak and Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2014 high favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Palamau Sanctuary 79,433 is identical to site 79,433  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazing land of livestock
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Transportation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Arvind Mishra and D. S. Srivastava.


Jain, Pushp (2001) Project Tiger Status Report, Project Tiger Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi. Unpublished.

Jain, S. I. and Sastry, A. R. K. (1983) Botany of some tiger habitats in India. Botanical survey of India, Department of Environment, Government of India.

Sinha, S. P. and Mukherjee, S. K. (1995) The Management of Palamau Tiger Reserve: A Report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. Pp. 24.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Palamau Tiger Reserve. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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