|Central coordinates||84o 9.58' East 23o 39.60' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||300 - 1,140m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Palamau Tiger Reserve lies in the western part of the Chhotanagpur plateau. It was one of the first nine Tiger reserves launched in 1973. The forest stretches from the edge of the Netarhat Hill Range in the south to the river Auranga in the north and from the Latehar- Sarju road in the east to the Madhya Pradesh border in the west. The forests of Palamau are the catchment of the River North Koel. The Reserve has Sal Shorea robusta forests in the lower slopes and Dry Deciduous forests in the upper slopes. Bamboo and scattered open grassy patches are common. Almost pure patches of Bel Aegle marmelos are unique vegetation types found mostly in the northern part of the Reserve. The Reserve also has several waterfalls and a hot water spring (Jain 2001).
AVIFAUNA: Although the avifauna is largely unstudied, about 170 bird species have been recorded (Sinha and Mukherjee 1995), including six globally threatened species and 24 biome restricted species. Although none of the globally threatened species have significant populations in Palamau, the Reserve, especially the core area of 21,300 ha is good for birds of dry deciduous forests (Biome-11). We have included this site mainly on the basis of biome-restricted assemblage criteria. More studies are required to find out the density and abundance of various species of birds.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Other than the Tiger Panthera tigris, mammals commonly sighted are Leopard Panthera pardus, Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Chital Axis axis, Barking deer Muntiacus muntjak and Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||2004||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Green Avadavat Amandava formosa||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown)||likely in short term (within 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Forest||0||0||good (> 90%)||good (> 90%)||favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Palamau||Sanctuary||79,433||is identical to site||79,433|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Grazing land of livestock|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Arvind Mishra and D. S. Srivastava.
Jain, Pushp (2001) Project Tiger Status Report, Project Tiger Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi. Unpublished.
Jain, S. I. and Sastry, A. R. K. (1983) Botany of some tiger habitats in India. Botanical survey of India, Department of Environment, Government of India.
Sinha, S. P. and Mukherjee, S. K. (1995) The Management of Palamau Tiger Reserve: A Report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. Pp. 24.
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