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Location India, Jharkhand
Central coordinates 85o 20.30' East  24o 8.32' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 198,625 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary (18,625 ha) and the North Karanpur Valley (180,000 ha) are located in the Upper Damodar region of the newly formed Jharkhand state. The Sanctuary is drained by 37 streams and 5 rivers and is a vital catchment for the Damodar River. Around one-third area of the Valley is under forest cover, mainly Sal Shorea robusta with a substantial wildlife population, especially in the thickly forested Mahudi and Satpahar ranges. Earlier, the Sanctuary was under the control of the Raja of Ramgarha and was meant for royal shooting for sport and entertainment purposes. The forest of Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and North Karanpur Valley in Jharkand are vital wildlife corridors connecting the jungles of Palamau in the west to those of Ranchi in the south, and the Konar watershed in the east. Hazaribagh is one of the first protected areas of the erstwhile Bihar state before its division.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The Sanctuary is rich in avifauna though a systematic survey needs to be done. In 1966, Ara (1966) published a preliminary list of 97 bird species. Since then, no further study has been conducted on birds in this sanctuary. The site has typical Dry Deciduous Forest of central India. Based on the biome classification of BirdLife International (undated), it lies in the Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone (Biome-11). Not much is known about the bird life so we consider this site as Data Deficient.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Major fauna includes Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sloth bear Melursus ursinus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus and Wild dog or Dhole Cuon alpinus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2014 very high near favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hazaribagh Sanctuary 18,625 protected area contained by site 18,625  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Watershed management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Neeraj Vagholekar.


Ara, J. (1966) Hazaribagh National Park (Bihar) re-visited. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 123-138.

Vagholekar, N. (in press) Mining impacts on wildlife habitat - A national picture. Kalpavriksh, Pune.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and North Karanpur Valley. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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