|Central coordinates||85o 20.30' East 24o 8.32' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary (18,625 ha) and the North Karanpur Valley (180,000 ha) are located in the Upper Damodar region of the newly formed Jharkhand state. The Sanctuary is drained by 37 streams and 5 rivers and is a vital catchment for the Damodar River. Around one-third area of the Valley is under forest cover, mainly Sal Shorea robusta with a substantial wildlife population, especially in the thickly forested Mahudi and Satpahar ranges. Earlier, the Sanctuary was under the control of the Raja of Ramgarha and was meant for royal shooting for sport and entertainment purposes. The forest of Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and North Karanpur Valley in Jharkand are vital wildlife corridors connecting the jungles of Palamau in the west to those of Ranchi in the south, and the Konar watershed in the east. Hazaribagh is one of the first protected areas of the erstwhile Bihar state before its division.
AVIFAUNA: The Sanctuary is rich in avifauna though a systematic survey needs to be done. In 1966, Ara (1966) published a preliminary list of 97 bird species. Since then, no further study has been conducted on birds in this sanctuary. The site has typical Dry Deciduous Forest of central India. Based on the biome classification of BirdLife International (undated), it lies in the Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone (Biome-11). Not much is known about the bird life so we consider this site as Data Deficient.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Major fauna includes Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sloth bear Melursus ursinus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus and Wild dog or Dhole Cuon alpinus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2014||very high||near favourable||medium|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Forest||0||0||moderate (70-90%)||good (> 90%)||near favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Hazaribagh||Sanctuary||18,625||protected area contained by site||18,625|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Watershed management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Neeraj Vagholekar.
Ara, J. (1966) Hazaribagh National Park (Bihar) re-visited. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 123-138.
Vagholekar, N. (in press) Mining impacts on wildlife habitat - A national picture. Kalpavriksh, Pune.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and North Karanpur Valley. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2015
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