|Central coordinates||77o 32.65' East 30o 21.90' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||240 - 700m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, an important IBA of Haryana State, was selected mainly for Biome-restricted species, as Kalesar represents the last stand of Broadleaf Deciduous Forest in the state. Kalesar is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Haryana covering 13,300 ha of the lower Shivalik in the Himalayan foothills. It is primarily Sal Shorea robusta forest of varying height and density and open scrub with broad, stony storm-watercourses, which are usually dry. The Yamuna River runs to the east. The site can easily be reached from Delhi via Yamunanagar (200 km) or from Dehra Dun or Chandigarh via Paonta Sahib. It is at the junction of the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh (Sharma 2002). The topography varies from plains to hills up to an elevation of 700 m, interspersed with narrow valleys locally called ‘khols’ between the hills. These valleys house seasonal rivulets locally called ‘soats’ which remain dry for most of the year. The Sanctuary has a number of natural and manmade waterbodies. It is linked by a metalled road with some villages located along the southwestern border of the Sanctuary.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||2004||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kalesar||Sanctuary||10,088||is identical to site||10,088|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Suresh Sharma, Bill Harvey, Ram Jakati, Rajiv Kalsi and Nikhil Devasar.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent, Christopher Helm, London.
Kalsi, R. S. (1998) Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India, Forktail 13: 29-32.
Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a Protected Area Network in India. 2 vol. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
Sharma, S. C. (2002) Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary (Haryana). Unpublished.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014
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