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Location India, Haryana
Central coordinates 77o 32.65' East  30o 21.90' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 10,088 ha
Altitude 240 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, an important IBA of Haryana State, was selected mainly for Biome-restricted species, as Kalesar represents the last stand of Broadleaf Deciduous Forest in the state. Kalesar is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Haryana covering 13,300 ha of the lower Shivalik in the Himalayan foothills. It is primarily Sal Shorea robusta forest of varying height and density and open scrub with broad, stony storm-watercourses, which are usually dry. The Yamuna River runs to the east. The site can easily be reached from Delhi via Yamunanagar (200 km) or from Dehra Dun or Chandigarh via Paonta Sahib. It is at the junction of the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh (Sharma 2002). The topography varies from plains to hills up to an elevation of 700 m, interspersed with narrow valleys locally called ‘khols’ between the hills. These valleys house seasonal rivulets locally called ‘soats’ which remain dry for most of the year. The Sanctuary has a number of natural and manmade waterbodies. It is linked by a metalled road with some villages located along the southwestern border of the Sanctuary.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kalesar Sanctuary 10,088 is identical to site 10,088  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Suresh Sharma, Bill Harvey, Ram Jakati, Rajiv Kalsi and Nikhil Devasar.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent, Christopher Helm, London.

Kalsi, R. S. (1998) Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary, Haryana, India, Forktail 13: 29-32.

Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a Protected Area Network in India. 2 vol. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Sharma, S. C. (2002) Birds of Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary (Haryana). Unpublished.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 18/09/2014

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