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Location India, Himachal Pradesh
Central coordinates 77o 34.35' East  31o 36.82' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 6,112 ha
Altitude 2,100 - 4,875m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This high altitude Sanctuary in Kullu district is adjacent to the Great Himalayan National Park. Part of its originally declared area has now been included in the Great Himalayan National Park. The Sanctuary forms part of the catchment area of the Tirthan river. There are a great variety of forest types due to the variations in altitude. Forest types include Ban Oak Forest, Moist Deodar Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous forest, Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest, Kharsu Oak Forest and alpine pastures (Singh et al. 1990).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
White-cheeked Tit Aegithalos leucogenys 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tirthan Sanctuary 6,112 is identical to site 6,112  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA team.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Gaston, A. J., Garson, P. J. and Pandey, S. (1994) Birds recorded in the Great Himalayan National Park. Forktail 9: 45-57.

Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tirthan Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 30/08/2014

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