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Location India, Himachal Pradesh
Central coordinates 77o 46.98' East  31o 1.67' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 2,600 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 3,324m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Talra Wildlife Sanctuary was first notified in 1962 and then renotified in 1974, under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. During the British period, and for almost two decades after Independence, it was a popular hunting area for big game as well as birds. Hunters used to come here for Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak and pheasants. Charachers hunted Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster. In order to protect these animals, and also to protect the catchment areas of perennial streams, this Sanctuary came into existence. However, due to the growth in human population, very few areas are now left undisturbed. Only steep and inaccessible areas harbour natural forest and wildlife (Singh et al. 1990). Two main forest types seen here are: West Himalayan Upper Oak/ Fir Forest and Lower Western Himalayan Temperate Forest, according to the classification of Champion and Seth (1968).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Talra Sanctuary 2,600 is identical to site 2,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Collection of Non Timber Forest Produce
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazing
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human habitation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA Team.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Mahabal, A (2000) Birds of Talra Wildlife sanctuary in Lower Western Himalaya, H.P., with notes on their status and altitudinal movements. Zoo’s Print Journal 15(10): 334-338.

Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Talra Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 30/08/2014

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