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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,País Valenciano
Central coordinates 1o 8.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C2, C6
Area 163,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 1,108m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area crossed by the valleys of the Rivers Cabriel and Júcar, with Pinus forest and scrub.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for cliff-nesting raptors and species characteristic of Mediterranean woodland and scrub.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1997  20 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1997  12 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1997  11 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1997  20 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1997  25 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  1997  300 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1997  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hoces del Cabriel en Cuenca Natural Reserve 1,662 protected area contained by site 1,662  
Muela de Cortes National Game Reserve 36,009 protected area overlaps with site 30,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  70%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  30%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  20%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  25%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
forestry 50%
hunting 80%

Protection status National Partial International Low30,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Muela de Cortes, 36,009 ha). 1,662 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Hoces del Cabriel en Cuenca, 1,662 ha). 16,089 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Hoces del Cabriel, Guadazaôn y Ojos de Moya, 56,136 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons. Downloaded from on 26/11/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife