|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||77o 7.50' East 32o 16.40' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||2,273 - 5,173m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Manali is a popular tourist resort in Himachal Pradesh, due to its spectacular scenery, but not many people, even officials, know that there is a little-known 3,180 ha Manali Wildlife Sanctuary, notified as long ago as 1954 under the Punjab Birds and Wild Animals Protection Act, 1933. It was mainly established to safeguard the catchment area of Manalsu Nullah, an important tributary of the Beas River. The Manali Sanctuary and adjoining forested areas provide good habitats for many pheasant species, even though the Forest Department had planted many non-native species such as Poplar, Willow and Robinia. The vegetation type, as classified by Champion and Seth (1968) is as follows: Alpine Pastures, Kharsu Oak Forest, Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous Forest, Moist Deodar Forest and Ban Oak Forest. Juniper Juniperus communis is present above the tree-line, along with Rhododendron.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Manali||Sanctuary||3,180||is identical to site||3,180|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sanjeeva Pandey and S. Sathyakumar.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, Delhi.
Garson, P. J., Young, L. and Kaul, R. (1992) Ecology and Conservation of the Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii: studies in the wild and the progress of a reintroduction project. Biological Conservation. 59: 25- 35.
Gaston, A. J., Hunter, M. L. Jr. and Garson, P. J. (1981) The wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. University of Maine School of Forest Resources Technical Notes No. 82. Pp. 159.
Gaston, A. J., Garson, P. J. and Hunter, M.L. Jr (1983) The status and conservation of forest wildlife in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. Biological Conservation 27: 291-314.
Kaul, R. (1989) Ecology of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii in Kumaun Himalaya. Ph.D. thesis, University of Kashmir, Srinagar.
Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H.S. (1988) Planning a wildlife protected area network in India. 2 vols. Project FO: IND/82/003. FAO, Dehra Dun.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Manali Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014
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