|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||76o 59.00' East 31o 16.13' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||575 - 1,985m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Majathal Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Shimla and Solan districts, is part of the catchment area of the Sutlej river. It is bounded to the north by the Sutlej, and to the south by a mountain ridge. The Sanctuary comprises a short section of the southern slopes of the Sutlej Valley, with steep terrain. Places of religious interest include the Harsingh Temple (Singh et al. 1990). The Sanctuary may be one of the most important sites in Himachal Pradesh for Cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii, and the only site present within the Sutlej catchment. Seven species of Galliformes have been reported from this area (Mishra 1996). Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii and Ban Oak Quercus leucotrichophora forests, and subtropical Euphorbia scrub are the major vegetation types (Mishra 1996). The slopes are sparsely forested with Chir Pine and Ban Oak, and mostly dominated by grassy tracts, often extending continuously from the ridge-tops down to about 1,000 m (Garson 1983).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Majathal||Sanctuary||4,000||is identical to site||4,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Collection of timber, fuelwood, fodder and minor forest produce|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Charudutt Mishra.
Garson, P. J. (1983) The cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas: an update. WPA Journal 8: 29-39.
Mishra, C. (1993) Habitat use of Goral in Majathal Harsang Wildlife Sanctuary. M.Sc. dissertation. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
Mishra, C. (1996) Pheasants and other birds of Majathal Harsang Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India. Forktail 12: 1-8.
Shah, J. N., Kalsi, R. S., Kaul, R. and Khan, J. A. (2002) Group size, Sex ratio and Habitat use of Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus in Majathal Harsang Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India. Proc. National Symposium on Galliformes. AVC College, Mayaladuturai. Pp. 58-63.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Majathal Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014
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