|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||77o 21.50' East 31o 58.95' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||1,800 - 4,833m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This small Sanctuary is contiguous with the Great Himalayan National Park, another IBA of Himachal Pradesh. The terrain is steep, with deep valleys and rocky cliffs. The Sanctuary has an altitudinal variation from 1,800 m to nearly 5,000 m. There are two main mountain peaks, Satupurna (3,519 m) and Shacha (3,542 m). The Parvati river flows north of the Sanctuary. There are lakes and natural springs of religious and historical importance at Khirganga and Mantalai on the outskirts of the Sanctuary. There is also a temple and a gurudwara at Manikaran, adjacent to the Sanctuary (Singh et al. 1990). Owing to its great altitudinal variation, seven forest types are present in this Sanctuary. Based on the classification of Champion and Seth (1968), they are Alpine Pastures, West Himalayan Sub-Alpine Forest, Kharsu Oak Forest, Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest, Western Mixed Coniferous Forest, Moist Deodar Forest and Ban Oak Forest. The Moist Temperate Deciduous Forest is one of the few undisturbed fragments of this type extant in Himachal Pradesh.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|White-cheeked Tit Aegithalos leucogenys||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kanawar||Sanctuary||5,400||is identical to site||5,400|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human habitation; Urban transport|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Sanjeeva Pandey.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014
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