|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||77o 32.57' East 31o 44.23' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||1,500 - 5,805m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The sprawling Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu district has relatively undisturbed areas which support diverse Himalayan wildlife. The Park lies in the upper catchment area of the Tirthan, Sainj and Jiwa rivers, which flow westwards and feed the Beas river. The Park includes parts of Tirthan Sanctuary, and is bordered by the Pin Valley National Park in the northeast, Kanawar Sanctuary in the northwest, and Rupi Bhabha Sanctuary in the east (all of them IBAs). These constitute Himachal Pradesh’s largest protected area with regard to wildlife. The eastern part of the Park lies above the snowline, and has glaciers and permanent ice. Based on the forest classification by Champion and Seth (1968), 14 forest types could be identified in Great Himalayan NP. In brief, about a third of the Park supports undisturbed forest, mainly around Jiva, Sainj and Tirthan nullah (streams) and their tributaries, extending from the base of the valley to 3,300 m, depending upon the aspect (Anon. 1997). A little over half of the Park area lies above 4,000 m, forming alpine meadows, particularly on the south side of Sainj Valley above Shangarh and at Dela Thach, above Lopah. The vegetation of Tirthan Valley has the northern aspects clothed in dense forest, dominated by Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana, and higher up by a diverse Deciduous Broadleaf Forest on moderately sloping areas and Fir Abies pindrow on steep areas. Tirthan Valley, between Bandal and Rolla, also supports small areas of Oak forest (Quercus sp. and Q. incana). The southerly aspects are generally more open; stands of Cedar Cedrus deodara are interspersed with grassy and shrub-clad hillsides, with a zone of Kharsu Oak Q. semecarpifolia forest above 2,800 m. There is a stand of Yew Taxus baccata near Manjhan village in Jiwa Valley. This species is under constant threat due to its valuable medicinal properties.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|White-cheeked Tit Aegithalos leucogenys||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Spectacled Finch Callacanthis burtoni||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca||-||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Great Himalayan||National Park||75,400||is identical to site||75,400|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|SAHARA (Great Himalayan National Park)||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sanjeeva Pandey, S. Sathyakumar and K. Ramesh.
Anonymous (1997) Great Himalayan National Park: A Profile. Department of Forest Farming and Conservation (Wildlife Wing), Pp. 33.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Champion and Seth (1968) A revised survey of the forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.
Fox, J. L. (1987) Caprini of northwestern India. Caprinae News 2(1): 6-8.
Gaston, A. J., Hunter, M.L. Jr and Garson, P.J. (1981) The wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. University of Maine School of Forest Resources Technical Notes No. 82. Pp 159.
Gaston, A. J., Garson, P. J. and Pandey, S. (1994) Birds recorded in the Great Himalayan National Park. Forktail 9: 45-57.
Ramesh, K. and Sathyakumar, S. and Rawat, G. S. (1999) Ecology and Conservation Status of the Pheasants of Great Himalayan National Park, Western Himalayas. In: Ecological Study of the Conservation of Biodiversity and Biotic Pressures in the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area – An Ecodevelopment Approach. Final Report. Vol. III. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Vinod, T. R. and Sathyakumar, S. (1999) Ecology and Conservation of Mountain Ungulates in Great Himalayan National Park, Western Himalayas. In: An Ecological Study of the Conservation of Biodiversity and Biotic Pressures in the Great Himalayan National Park Conservation Area – An Ecodevelopment Approach. Final Report. Vol. III. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
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