|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||77o 49.93' East 31o 26.02' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||2,100 - 3,315m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Daranghati Sanctuary lies in Shimla district. It is composed of two segments, with villages and cultivated areas in between. The two units of the Sanctuary lie on either side of the Dhauladhar Range that forms part of the Middle Himalayas. Part I of the Sanctuary to the north forms the southern catchment area of the Manglad Gad. Three main rivers, including Wajadi Gad and Gharat Gad, flow northwards into Manglad Gad. Part II of the Sanctuary to the south encompasses the southern catchment area of the Nogli Gad. Main rivers flowing northwards through Part II into the Nogli Gad include Bankdari Nala, Rigir Gad and Setlu Nala. Manglad and Nogli are eastern tributaries of the Sutlej river. There are several wooden temples in the vicinity, featuring the unique architecture of Himachal (Singh et al. 1990). Daranghati, a former hunting reserve of the Raja of Bushahr State, shows signs of degradation, but remains particularly important for pheasants, notably the Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus. It also supports a variety of Himalayan ungulates (Pandey 1990; Singh et al. 1990). Pandey (1995) notes five main forest types: (1) Moist Cedar Cedrus deodara forest (1,900 m - 3,000 m) (2) Western Mixed Coniferous Forest on northern and eastern slopes above 2,000 m, comprising Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana, Silver Fir Abies spectabilis and Spruce Picea smithiana, with Cedar on well-drained sites. (3) Moist Temperate Deciduous, (4) Kharsu Oak forest with common associates Taxus baccata, Pyrus, and Prunus, and (5) West Himalayan sub-alpine forest, with Silver Fir and some Quercus semecarpifolia, above 3,000 m.
AVIFAUNA: Detailed studies on birds of this site have not been conducted. Based on secondary information, Singh et al. (1990) prepared a short list of birds of this Sanctuary. Species of conservation interest is the Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus. Gaston et al. (1981a, b), found no evidence of Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii, although the species used to occur in this area (Wynter-Blyth 1951). Himalayan or Impeyan Monal Lophophorus impejanus, Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha and Kaleej Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos are also found here. This site is selected as an IBA based on the presence of the globally threatened Western Tragopan. Pandey (1995) estimate a density of 1.5-birds per sq. km in winter habitat. He estimates that both parts of Daranghati WLS and the surrounding areas may support a population of 150 to 250 birds. This could be one of the most important sites for this globally threatened bird, listed as Vulnerable. It is also listed as restricted range in the Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (Stattersfield et al. 1998).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Daranghati WLS has almost all the representative mammals of the temperate forest and subalpine zone of Himachal Pradesh.
Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus is the largest wild carnivore of the Sanctuary, mainly found above 3,000 m in summer, much lower in winter. Brown Bear Ursus arctos is also found in the alpine and subalpine regions. Leopard Panthera pardus is the major carnivore. Wild ungulates such as Musk Deer Moschus chrysogaster, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Goral Nemorhaedus goral, Serow N. sumatraensis and Himalayan Tahr Hemitragus jemlahicus. Ibex Capra ibex and Bharal Pseudois nayaur are reported on higher elevations. Smaller carnivores include Red Fox Vulpes vulpes, Himalayan Weasel Mustela sibirica, Yellow-throated Marten Martes flavigula, Himalayan Palm Civet Paguma larvata and Jungle Cat Felis chaus. Not much is known about the reptile and amphibian fauna.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Daranghati||Sanctuary||16,700||is identical to site||16,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Sanjeeva Pandey.
Gaston, A. J., Hunter, M. L. Jr. and Garson, P. J. (eds.) (1981a) The Wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. University of Maine School of Forest Resources Technical Notes No. 82. Pp. 159.
Gaston, A. J. Garson, P. J. and Hunter, M. L. Jr (1981b) Present distribution and status of pheasants in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. WPA Journal 6: 10-30.
Pandey, S. (1990) Management plan of Daranghati Sanctuary (1990-1991 to 1994-1995). Department of Forest Farming and Conservation, Simla.
Pandey, S. (1995) A preliminary estimate of numbers of Western Tragopan in Daranghati Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. Ann. Rev. WPA 1993/94: 49-56.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Wynter-Blyth, M. A. (1951) A naturalist in the Northwest Himalaya. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 344-354.
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