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Location India, Himachal Pradesh
Central coordinates 77o 49.93' East  31o 26.02' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 16,700 ha
Altitude 2,100 - 3,315m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Daranghati Sanctuary lies in Shimla district. It is composed of two segments, with villages and cultivated areas in between. The two units of the Sanctuary lie on either side of the Dhauladhar Range that forms part of the Middle Himalayas. Part I of the Sanctuary to the north forms the southern catchment area of the Manglad Gad. Three main rivers, including Wajadi Gad and Gharat Gad, flow northwards into Manglad Gad. Part II of the Sanctuary to the south encompasses the southern catchment area of the Nogli Gad. Main rivers flowing northwards through Part II into the Nogli Gad include Bankdari Nala, Rigir Gad and Setlu Nala. Manglad and Nogli are eastern tributaries of the Sutlej river. There are several wooden temples in the vicinity, featuring the unique architecture of Himachal (Singh et al. 1990). Daranghati, a former hunting reserve of the Raja of Bushahr State, shows signs of degradation, but remains particularly important for pheasants, notably the Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus. It also supports a variety of Himalayan ungulates (Pandey 1990; Singh et al. 1990). Pandey (1995) notes five main forest types: (1) Moist Cedar Cedrus deodara forest (1,900 m - 3,000 m) (2) Western Mixed Coniferous Forest on northern and eastern slopes above 2,000 m, comprising Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana, Silver Fir Abies spectabilis and Spruce Picea smithiana, with Cedar on well-drained sites. (3) Moist Temperate Deciduous, (4) Kharsu Oak forest with common associates Taxus baccata, Pyrus, and Prunus, and (5) West Himalayan sub-alpine forest, with Silver Fir and some Quercus semecarpifolia, above 3,000 m.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Daranghati Sanctuary 16,700 is identical to site 16,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Sanjeeva Pandey.


Gaston, A. J., Hunter, M. L. Jr. and Garson, P. J. (eds.) (1981a) The Wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. University of Maine School of Forest Resources Technical Notes No. 82. Pp. 159.

Gaston, A. J. Garson, P. J. and Hunter, M. L. Jr (1981b) Present distribution and status of pheasants in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. WPA Journal 6: 10-30.

Pandey, S. (1990) Management plan of Daranghati Sanctuary (1990-1991 to 1994-1995). Department of Forest Farming and Conservation, Simla.

Pandey, S. (1995) A preliminary estimate of numbers of Western Tragopan in Daranghati Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. Ann. Rev. WPA 1993/94: 49-56.

Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Wynter-Blyth, M. A. (1951) A naturalist in the Northwest Himalaya. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 344-354.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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