|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||77o 13.97' East 30o 58.25' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||701 - 2,408m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Chail Wildlife Sanctuary lies in Solan and Shimla districts. Formerly, it was the private game reserve of the Maharaja of Patiala. Inspite of degradation, it is still one of the best sanctuaries for the Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii. The Sanctuary has, within its boundaries, Chail town and numerous villages, and is connected by a forest corridor to the Shimla Water Catchment Sanctuary (an IBA) in the north. It comprises part of the catchment area of a tributary of the Giri River. The forest cover of the Sanctuary includes Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forest, Ban Oak Forest and Moru Oak Forest, according to the forest classification by Champion and Seth (1968). The dominant forest tree is Ban Oak Quercus incana, mixed with Chir Pine Pinus roxburghii at lower altitudes. Rhododendron Rhododendron arboreum forms pure stands in places and Cedar Cedrus deodara and Blue Pine Pinus wallichiana have been planted in some areas. There is little mature forest, and much secondary growth due to disturbance (Gaston and Singh 1980). Reference to the habitat map in Garson (1983) shows that the forest is largely confined to the northern half of the sanctuary. Around 418 ha were planted with Pine, Oak, Cedar and Robinia up to 1984 (Singh et al. 1990).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chail||Sanctuary||10,854||is identical to site||10,854|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Urban transport|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sanjeeva Pandey, S. Sathyakumar and Naim Akhtar.
Akhtar, N. and Narang, M. L. (2002) Status, Distribution and Conservation of Galliformes in Chail Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. Proceedings of National Seminar on Galliformes. AVC College, Mayiladuturai.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.
Garson, P. J. (1983) The cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii in Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas: an update. WPA Journal 8: 29-39.
Gaston, A. J. and Singh, J. (1980) The status of the cheer pheasant Catreus wallichii, in the Chail Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh. WPA Journal 5: 68-73.
Gaston, A. J., Hunter, M. L. Jr, and Garson, P. J. (1981) The wildlife of Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalayas. University of Maine School of Forest Resources Technical Notes No. 82. Pp 159.
Kalsi, R. S. (1999) Status and habitat of Cheer Pheasant in Himachal Pradesh. WPA-SARO News 1(1): 2-4.
Sharma, V., Garson, P. J. and Khera, S. (1990) Status surveys of Cheer and Western Tragopan in Simla Hills of Himachal Pradesh. Pp 139-141. In: Pheasants in Asia 1989 (eds. Hill, D. A., Garson, P. J. and Jenkins, D.). World Pheasant Association, Reading, U.K.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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