|Location||India, Himachal Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||76o 55.68' East 31o 28.63' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||762 - 1,260m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This small sanctuary in Mandi district has been in the news due to the state government’s plan to establish a large cement factory about 500 m from the boundary. Bandli was a Reserve Forest till 1962, when it was first notified as a Sanctuary. After the enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, final notification took place in 1974. It is located about 7 km from Sundarnagar town. The Sanctuary was declared mainly to protect Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii, which had been exterminated from many nearby areas due to hunting. The Sanctuary is under heavy pressure due to its proximity to villages and towns. Singh et al. (1990) identified only two major forest types: Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forest and Ban Oak Forest.
AVIFAUNA: This sanctuary helps to protect a small surviving population of Cheer Pheasant. No detailed study on avifauna has been conducted, except for surveys of pheasants. This IBA comes under Western Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA-128) and Sino-Himalayan Subtropical Forest (BirdLife International, undated). However, as we do not have the checklist of birds of this site, we do not know how many Restricted Range and Biome Restricted assemblages are found in this IBA. Besides studies on the globally threatened Cheer Pheasant to know its status and distribution in this site, detailed studies on the general avifauna are also required. It is a Data Deficient site.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Leopard Panthera pardus is quite common and a major cause of concern to livestock owners. Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus is also found, but it confines itself to forest and grassland areas.
Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak and Goral Nemorhaedus goral are the major natural prey of Leopard. Himalayan Yellowthroated Marten Martes flavigula are the major predators of Cheer Pheasant and other smaller prey. Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus and Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta are the non-human primates in the IBA.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||medium|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (commercial use)||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Natural system modifications||fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Bandli||Sanctuary||4,132||is identical to site||4,132|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Conservation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sanjeeva Pandey and K. Ramesh.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Singh, S., Kothari, A. and Pande, P. (Eds) (1990) Directory of national parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh: management status and profiles. Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi. Pp 164.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/02/2016
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