|Central coordinates||72o 49.00' East 22o 40.50' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kheda district of central Gujarat, situated in western India, occupies 719,400 ha area, and is located between two major rivers: Mahisagar on the eastern side and Vatrak, a tributary of River Sabarmati on the western side. The southern side is attached to the Gulf of Khambhat. Major area of the district comprises of plain land, almost at sea level, except for a small area of Kapadvanj and Balasinor tehsil which are hilly (Parasharya et al. 2000). The major area of the district has canal irrigation facility and therefore irrigated farming is practised. Paddy is extensively cultivated in Kheda distict. As paddy fields are temporary wetlands, they provide an alternative to the natural marshland habitat of the Sarus Crane Grus antigone. Daloli, Gobrapura, Narda and Machhial were found to be important roosting areas for these birds (Mukherjee et al. 2002).
AVIFAUNA: This site is selected as an IBA mainly because it has good, breeding population of the globally threatened Sarus Crane in India. Sarus population of these reservoirs was estimated as follows: 1989 (556 individuals); 1998 (618 individuals); 2002 (959 individuals) (Mukherjee et al. 2002).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: As this site is basically an agricultural area, no large wild mammal is found here.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Aeshita Mukherjee, C.K. Borad and B. M. Parasharya.
Borad, C. K, Mukherjee, A. and Parasharya, B. M (2001) Nest site selection by the Indian Sarus Crane in the paddy crop agroecosystem. Biological Conservation 98: 89-86.
Mukherjee, A., Borad, C. K., and Parasharya, B. M. (2002) Comparative account of population and breeding pair density of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) in Kheda District, Gujrat. Zoos Print 17 (8): 839-843.
Parasharya, B. M., Mathew, K. L. and Yadav, D. N. (2000) Population estimation and general ecology of the Indian Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone, in Kheda district, Gujarat. Pavo 38 (1 &2): 25-34.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wetlands of Kheda. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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