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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 72o 49.00' East  22o 40.50' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 8,700 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kheda district of central Gujarat, situated in western India, occupies 719,400 ha area, and is located between two major rivers: Mahisagar on the eastern side and Vatrak, a tributary of River Sabarmati on the western side. The southern side is attached to the Gulf of Khambhat. Major area of the district comprises of plain land, almost at sea level, except for a small area of Kapadvanj and Balasinor tehsil which are hilly (Parasharya et al. 2000). The major area of the district has canal irrigation facility and therefore irrigated farming is practised. Paddy is extensively cultivated in Kheda distict. As paddy fields are temporary wetlands, they provide an alternative to the natural marshland habitat of the Sarus Crane Grus antigone. Daloli, Gobrapura, Narda and Machhial were found to be important roosting areas for these birds (Mukherjee et al. 2002).

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This site is selected as an IBA mainly because it has good, breeding population of the globally threatened Sarus Crane in India. Sarus population of these reservoirs was estimated as follows: 1989 (556 individuals); 1998 (618 individuals); 2002 (959 individuals) (Mukherjee et al. 2002).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: As this site is basically an agricultural area, no large wild mammal is found here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Aeshita Mukherjee, C.K. Borad and B. M. Parasharya.


Borad, C. K, Mukherjee, A. and Parasharya, B. M (2001) Nest site selection by the Indian Sarus Crane in the paddy crop agroecosystem. Biological Conservation 98: 89-86.

Mukherjee, A., Borad, C. K., and Parasharya, B. M. (2002) Comparative account of population and breeding pair density of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) in Kheda District, Gujrat. Zoos Print 17 (8): 839-843.

Parasharya, B. M., Mathew, K. L. and Yadav, D. N. (2000) Population estimation and general ecology of the Indian Sarus Crane, Grus antigone antigone, in Kheda district, Gujarat. Pavo 38 (1 &2): 25-34.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wetlands of Kheda. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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