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Location Spain, Aragón,País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 25.00' West  40o 15.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 83,000 ha
Altitude 420 - 1,814m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A group of limestone mountains crossed by deep valleys and with many cliffs. Predominantly covered by Pinus forests with some areas dominated by Quercus. There are also extensive areas of Mediterranean scrub. The main human activities are forestry and livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  4-6 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Stock Dove Columba oenas resident  1996  360 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1996  40 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis resident  1996  35 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  75%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  30%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 55%
hunting 60%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Peñagolosa. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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