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Location Spain, Aragón,País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 25.00' West  40o 15.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 83,000 ha
Altitude 420 - 1,814m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A group of limestone mountains crossed by deep valleys and with many cliffs. Predominantly covered by Pinus forests with some areas dominated by Quercus. There are also extensive areas of Mediterranean scrub. The main human activities are forestry and livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  4-6 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Stock Dove Columba oenas resident  1996  360 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1996  40 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis resident  1996  35 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Curs alt del riu Millars - ES5222004 Habitats Directive 10,015 protected area overlaps with site 945  
L'Alt Maestrat - ES5223002 Habitats Directive 43,613 protected area overlaps with site 5,623  
MAESTRAZGO Y SIERRA DE GÚDAR - ES2420126 Habitats Directive 80,961 protected area overlaps with site 8,235  
Penyagolosa - ES0000466 Birds Directive 53,227 protected area overlaps with site 34,633  
Penyagolosa - ES5223004 Birds Directive 31,921 protected area overlaps with site 20,519  
Serrà d'Espadà - ES0000468 Birds Directive 65,334 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  75%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  30%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  10%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  15%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
forestry 55%
hunting 60%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Peñagolosa. Downloaded from on 25/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife