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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 74o 19.00' East  22o 53.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 2,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Rampura grassland is situated near Dahod in Panchmahals district, Gujarat. It lies on the left of the Dahod-Godhra highway, and includes three protected grasslands, namely Kalithalai (859 ha), Muvalia (750 ha) and Rozam (378 ha). It has also been known as Kalithalai-Muvalia-Rozam grasslands (Natarajan and Rahmani 1997). It is protected by the Forest Department for production of hay. The site falls in the Malwa plateau, an undulating region with valleys and seasonal rainwater streams. This complex of grasslands provides ideal habitats for the Endangered Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica, locally known as Turrkukde. Historically, the whole area, except for some rocky plateau, was covered with thick teak forests (Tectona grandis), the remnants of which are still seen in some valleys. The grasslands came up when these forests were cut over years. Important species of the site are Echinochloa colonum, Setaria sp., Digitaria ciliaris, Brachiaria ramosa and Urochloa panicoides which blooms at the onset of the monsoon (Natarajan and Rahmani 1997). These species are succeeded by Themeda quadrivalvis, Heteropogon contortus, Sehima nervosum and Chrysopogon fulvus. Beside grasslands, plantations of Acacia nilotica, A. tortilis, Terminalia crenulata, Tectona grandis, Bauhinia racemosa, Gmelina arborea and Butea monosperma are also present.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: About 140 species of the birds are reported from this site (Natarajan and Rahmani 1997). According to Sankaran (1991), 15-20 male Lesser Floricans are found in Rampura grasslands. Bird community structure in different types of habitat was studied in Rampura (Natarajan and Rahmani 2002). Altogether, 68 species were recorded from the four study sites. The maximum number of species was recorded in plantation (54), followed by grassland (49) and least in grazing land (33). The Lesser Florican was seen only in the grassland. Four species of harriers (Circus spp.) are also found and use the grassland for foraging and roosting. BirdLife International (undated) has listed 59 species in Biome-11. In Rampura grassland, we were able to find 18 of these biome species. Most of the species are widespread and common.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: There is no large wild mammal of conservation concern but the grassland supports significant populations of smaller mammals such as Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Rufous-tailed Hare Lepus nigricollis ruficaudatus and Golden Jackal Canis aureus. Among reptiles, the Fan-throated Lizard Sitana ponticeriana and Shorttailed Agama Laudakia (=Agama) minor are common. Indian Monitor Varanus bengalensis and five or six species of snakes have been identified.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Hay production

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Natarajan and Asad R. Rahmani.

References 

Natarajan, V. and Rahmani, A. R. (1997) Ecology of Rampura Grassland and its adjoining areas. Pp. 183-260. In: Rahmani, A. R. (ed.) 1997. A study on the ecology of grasslands of the Indian plains with particular reference to their endangered fauna: Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp 549.

Natarajan, V. and Rahmani, A. R. (2002) Bird Community structure in three different habitat types at Dahod, Panchmahals district, Gujarat, India. Pp 217-226. In: Proceedings of the Salim Ali Centenary Seminar- 1996 (eds. A. R. Rahmani and G. Ugra). Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay.

Sankaran, R. (1991) Some aspects of the breeding behaviour of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica (J. F. Miller) and the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis (Gmelin). Ph. D. Thesis. Bombay University. Pp. 265.

Sankaran, R. and Rahmani, A. R. (1990) Status of the Lesser Florican in Western India. Pp. 101-111. In: Status and ecology of the Lesser and Bengal Floricans. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rampura Grassland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

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