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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 68o 45.00' East  23o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 50,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description More than 50,000 ha area in Abdasa and Mundra talukas constitute one of the finest dry grasslands left in Gujarat. In 1992, a small portion (203 ha) was declared as a sanctuary for the Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps. The site gets high conservation value, not only due to the presence of this bustard but also species such as the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica. The entire Sanctuary is dominated by a single habitat, i.e. grassland vegetation with sparse vegetation of bushy Zizyphus. However, in 1990-91, the Forest Department planted nearly 50 ha with Prosopis chilensis ostensibly to improve the bustard habitat. Thus almost 25% of the grassland habitat was destroyed. Beside the 209 ha Lala Bustard Sanctuary, the entire belt along the coast line is covered with grasslands and marginal crop fields, ideal for the Great Indian Bustard, Lesser Florican and other grassland species. Amongst the most important grassland sites are the Naliya-Vengaber-Parjau don (don=grassland) and the Konathia-Kalatalao-Bachunda don.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lala Bustard Sanctuary Sanctuary 203 protected area contained by site 203  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Naliya Grassland- Lala Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary [Centre for Desert and Ocean] 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlements

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Ravi Sankaran, Duleep Kathau, Justus Joshua and R. D. Jadeja.

References 

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Sankaran, R. (2000a) The status of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica in 1999. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore. Unpublished.

Sankaran, R. (2000b) Survey of Western India to identify Important Bird Areas for the Lesser Florican and other grassland species, and to rationalize the boundaries of identified IBAs. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, and Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp. 11.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Naliya Grassland (Lala Bustard Wildlife Sanctuary). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife