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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 70o 0.88' East  22o 38.78' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 45,792 ha
Altitude 0 - 21m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Marine National Park (16, 289 ha) and Sanctuary (29,503 ha) is located in the inter-tidal zone, extending over 170 km along the coast of Jamnagar in the Gulf of Kutch, and includes 42 islands. This is the first protected marine area in India (Singh 2001). The protected area includes 14,928 ha of islands and 30,864 ha of the coastal zone. A total of 1,071 ha area of the National Park and 111 ha area of Sanctuary have been notified as reserved forests, whereas 12,238 ha of the National Park and 22,552 ha of the Sanctuary is notified under Sec-4 of Indian Forest Act, 1927. Areas of 2,980 ha of the National Park and 6,840 ha of the Sanctuary have non-forest status, being categorized as territorial waters of India. 39,840 ha overlapping area of the Park and Sanctuary was also notified under the Port Act before 1980 for maritime activities (Singh 2001) Flora includes seven species of mangroves, namely Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, A. alba, Rhizophora mucronata, Ceriops candolleana, Aegiceros conniculalum, 120 species of algae and several species of grasses, shrubs and herbs. Some other important plant species include Cyperus sp., Suaeda sp., Commiphora wightii, Salvadora sp., Aeluropus logopoides, Sporobolus, Cressa cretica and Capparis sp. (Singh 2001).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Marine (Gujarat) National Park 16,289 unknown 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Desert   -
Artificial - aquatic   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Coastline   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Maritime activities

Acknowledgements Key contributor: H. S. Singh.

References 

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Naik, R. M., Murthy, M. S., Mansuri, A. P. Rao, Pervez, R., Mundkhur, T., Krishan, S., Faldu, P. J., and Krishan, T. S. V. R. (1991) Coastal Marine Ecosystems and Anthropogenic Pressure in the Gulf of Kachchh.

WWF-India sponsored Research Project: Final Report Department of Biosciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Pp. 287.

Singh, H. S. (1998) Wildlife Protected Areas of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Singh, H. S. (2001) Natural Heritage of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014

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