|Central coordinates||70o 9.00' East 22o 32.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||0 - 2m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The IBA site consists of a group of three shallow, freshwater lakes and extensive marshes adjacent to a large area of saltpans and salt marshes. It lies on the south shore of the Gulf of Kutch, about 10 km from Jamnagar. Part of the Sanctuary was the intertidal zone of the Gulf of Kutch before the construction of reclamation bunds across two creeks to control salinity and to recharge ground water. It has a dry tropical monsoon climate, with rainfall mainly concentrated in July and August. Habitats in this seasonal inland wetland include freshwater shallow marshes, intertidal mudflats, creeks, saltpans, saline land and mangroves (Singh 1998). The freshwater marshes dry up in summer, and at high tide, the water of the marsh becomes saline. The wetlands are partly owned by the Forest Department and Revenue Department, and partly under private ownership. Khijadiya Sanctuary has both freshwater marshes and intertidal mudflats and marshes (divided by a 5,996 m earthen reclamation bund). The freshwater marsh is covered by thick stands of Typha angustata and Saccharum spontaneum, while on the long bund, Prosopis chilensis, Acacia nilotica and Salvadora sp. are seen (Singh 1998).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Khijadia||Sanctuary||605||protected area contained by site||605|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: H. S. Singh and the IBA Team.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Scott, D. A. (ed.) (1989) A Directory of Asian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. xiv + 1181 Pp. 33 maps.
Singh, H. S. (1998) Wildlife Protected Areas of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
Singh, H. S. (2001) Natural Heritage of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014
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