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Location India, Gujarat
Central coordinates 70o 9.00' East  22o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 1,650 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The IBA site consists of a group of three shallow, freshwater lakes and extensive marshes adjacent to a large area of saltpans and salt marshes. It lies on the south shore of the Gulf of Kutch, about 10 km from Jamnagar. Part of the Sanctuary was the intertidal zone of the Gulf of Kutch before the construction of reclamation bunds across two creeks to control salinity and to recharge ground water. It has a dry tropical monsoon climate, with rainfall mainly concentrated in July and August. Habitats in this seasonal inland wetland include freshwater shallow marshes, intertidal mudflats, creeks, saltpans, saline land and mangroves (Singh 1998). The freshwater marshes dry up in summer, and at high tide, the water of the marsh becomes saline. The wetlands are partly owned by the Forest Department and Revenue Department, and partly under private ownership. Khijadiya Sanctuary has both freshwater marshes and intertidal mudflats and marshes (divided by a 5,996 m earthen reclamation bund). The freshwater marsh is covered by thick stands of Typha angustata and Saccharum spontaneum, while on the long bund, Prosopis chilensis, Acacia nilotica and Salvadora sp. are seen (Singh 1998).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri winter  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Khijadia Sanctuary 605 protected area contained by site 605  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazing
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: H. S. Singh and the IBA Team.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Scott, D. A. (ed.) (1989) A Directory of Asian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K. xiv + 1181 Pp. 33 maps.

Singh, H. S. (1998) Wildlife Protected Areas of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Singh, H. S. (2001) Natural Heritage of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

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