|Central coordinates||70o 48.75' East 21o 17.50' North|
|Altitude||150 - 642m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Gir National Park and Sanctuary is one of the oldest sanctuaries of India and is famed for being the remaining habitat of the Asiatic Lion Panthera leo persica. Gir forest has become a very stable ecosystem with tremendous regenerating, self-supporting and selfsustaining capacity, due to its compactness and richness of biodiversity. It is one of the largest biologically intact continuous tracts of land in India reserved primarily for the conservation of its native wild fauna (Singh 1998, 2001). The site has an undulating, low, hilly terrain. The protected area is surrounded by flat agricultural land. The total area is 141,213 ha, comprising of the Wildlife Sanctuary (115,342 ha) which encircles the National Park (25,871 ha). This area enjoys protection of the highest order. A 380 km long stone wall borders the entire National Park. The area forms the catchment for seven major and two minor rivers. There are four dams and seven perennial rivers within the protected area. In all, 448 species of flowering plants and 96 tree species have been recorded in the area, including Tectona grandis, Acacia catachu, Boswellia serrata, dhak Butea monosperma, Lannea coromandelica, Anogeissus latifolia and Diospyros melanoxylon, Ficus glomerata and Syzygium cumini (Singh 1998).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Gir||National Park||25,871||protected area contained by site||25,871|
|Gir||Sanctuary||115,342||protected area contained by site||115,342|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Urban transport|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: H. S. Singh.
Raol, L. M. (1969) Birdwatching at Sasan Gir Forest. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 9(3): 3-5.
Singh, H. S. (1998) Wildlife Protected Areas of Gujarat, Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
Singh, H. S. (2001). Natural Heritage of Gujarat. Gujarat Ecological Education and Research (GEER) Foundation, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014
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