email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 10.00' West  40o 35.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 43,000 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,318m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A low mountain range with Pinus halepensis forest, small Quercus woodlands and large expanses of Mediterranean scrub. The area is used for forestry, hunting and sheep-grazing. The most important threat are forest fires, also new roads and high hunting pressure.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1997  85 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1997  5 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1997  2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Endangered 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1997  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1997  40 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
L'Alt Maestrat - ES5223002 Habitats Directive 43,613 protected area overlaps with site 22,277  
L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana - ES0000465 Birds Directive 96,484 protected area overlaps with site 31,584  
Riu Bergantes - ES5223029 Habitats Directive 4,454 protected area overlaps with site 991  
Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana - ES5233001 Birds Directive 49,598 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  50%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  30%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  20%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 45%
hunting 80%

Protection status National None International None

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Morella pass. Downloaded from on 19/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife