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Location India, Goa
Central coordinates 74o 1.45' East  15o 19.53' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 14,852 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sanguem taluka on the eastern border of Goa, along the Western Ghats. It was earlier called the Mollem Game Sanctuary but was renamed in 1976 after the great saint Bhagwan Mahavir. The core area, consisting of 107 sq. km, was declared as Mollem National Park vide notification dated April 13 1978. National highway 4A and Mormugao-Londa railway line run through the Sanctuary. Collem Railway Station lies within the sanctuary area. Many small rivulets flow through the Sanctuary in the monsoon, but dry up in summer. Besides flora and fauna, there are many important geological and historical features in the Sanctuary. Dudhsagar Falls, about an hour’s journey from Collem Railway Station by train, is a popular tourist spot. The Devil Canyon is a splendid piece of geological rock formation. The famous Tambdi Surla Temple is about 13 kms from Mollem. Due to luxuriant tree growth, the canopy is almost closed and the availability of grass is very limited. Evergreen vegetation is mainly seen on higher altitudes and along the riverbanks. The main vegetation types are West Coast Tropical Evergreen Forest, West Coast Semi-Evergreen Forest and Moist Deciduous Forest.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus 2004  present  A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Nilgiri Blue Robin Myiomela major resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bhagwan Mahavir Sanctuary 14,852 is identical to site 14,852  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Harvey D’Souza and Heinz Lainer.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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