|Central coordinates||82o 4.50' East 20o 10.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||327 - 736m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Udanti (24,760 ha) and Sitanadi (55,336 ha) wildlife sanctuaries derive their name from the rivers Udanti and Sitanadi which flow through the respective sanctuaries and form the lifeline of this IBA. They are located in the Brindanawagarh tehsil of Raipur district, and Sihawa-Nagri tehsil of Dhamtari district respectively. Udanti Sanctuary is situated 210 km and Sitanadi Sanctuary is situated 175 km southeast of Raipur. The eastern boundary of Udanti Sanctuary is the interstate boundary between Chhattisgarh and Orissa. The distance between the two sanctuaries is about 30 km, with a corridor of good forest cover. Both these sanctuaries form a compact forest for free movement of wildlife, particularly the Wild Buffalo Bubalus arnee (=bubalis) which is the State Mammal. As they are close to each other, and the bird fauna is very similar, we consider them as one IBA. The forest types are Dry Tropical Peninsular Sal Forest and Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest. The dominant species is Sal Shorea robusta, mixed with species of Terminalia, Anogeissus, Pterocarpus, and Bamboo. Teak Tectona grandis is also found. In Udanti, Sal forest covers about 34%, miscellaneous forest occupies 61.55% and Teak covers 4.4% (Gabrial 1995). Teak has been introduced into the area by the Forest Department.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Green Avadavat Amandava formosa||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sitanadi||Sanctuary||55,336||protected area contained by site||55,336|
|Udanti||Sanctuary||24,760||protected area contained by site||24,760|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human settlement|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: A. M. K. Bharos.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Gabrial, M. S. (1995) Working Plan of Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary. Wildlife Division, Raipur.
Kotwal, P. C., Naik, M. L. and. Mishra, R. P. (2002) Indian Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) an endangered species: Habitat and Diurnal Activity Pattern in Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary. Cheetal 41(3 & 4): 19-28.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuaries. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014
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