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Location India, Chhattisgarh
Central coordinates 82o 4.50' East  20o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 80,096 ha
Altitude 327 - 736m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Udanti (24,760 ha) and Sitanadi (55,336 ha) wildlife sanctuaries derive their name from the rivers Udanti and Sitanadi which flow through the respective sanctuaries and form the lifeline of this IBA. They are located in the Brindanawagarh tehsil of Raipur district, and Sihawa-Nagri tehsil of Dhamtari district respectively. Udanti Sanctuary is situated 210 km and Sitanadi Sanctuary is situated 175 km southeast of Raipur. The eastern boundary of Udanti Sanctuary is the interstate boundary between Chhattisgarh and Orissa. The distance between the two sanctuaries is about 30 km, with a corridor of good forest cover. Both these sanctuaries form a compact forest for free movement of wildlife, particularly the Wild Buffalo Bubalus arnee (=bubalis) which is the State Mammal. As they are close to each other, and the bird fauna is very similar, we consider them as one IBA. The forest types are Dry Tropical Peninsular Sal Forest and Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest. The dominant species is Sal Shorea robusta, mixed with species of Terminalia, Anogeissus, Pterocarpus, and Bamboo. Teak Tectona grandis is also found. In Udanti, Sal forest covers about 34%, miscellaneous forest occupies 61.55% and Teak covers 4.4% (Gabrial 1995). Teak has been introduced into the area by the Forest Department.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sitanadi Sanctuary 55,336 protected area contained by site 55,336  
Udanti Sanctuary 24,760 protected area contained by site 24,760  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Udanti-Sitanadi SSG 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlement

Acknowledgements Key contributor: A. M. K. Bharos.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Gabrial, M. S. (1995) Working Plan of Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary. Wildlife Division, Raipur.

Kotwal, P. C., Naik, M. L. and. Mishra, R. P. (2002) Indian Wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) an endangered species: Habitat and Diurnal Activity Pattern in Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary. Cheetal 41(3 & 4): 19-28.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuaries. Downloaded from on 31/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife