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Location India, Chhattisgarh
Central coordinates 82o 26.60' East  21o 25.27' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 24,466 ha
Altitude 265 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name from Bar and Nawapara forest valleys which are close to each other and situated in the middle of the Sanctuary. The site comes under Raipur Forest Division, and includes the reserved forests in Lawan and Sonakhan Forest Ranges. It is situated 15 km north of block headquarters Pithora on National Highway - 6, 100 km from Raipur town, and is approachable in all seasons. The terrain is generally flat, with some hills varying from 265 to 400 m. There are numerous perennial and seasonal streams - all tributaries of the Mahanadi river. Summer is very hot, and most of these streams dry out. The Forest Department has created some waterholes, where most of the wildlife concentrates in summer. The forest of this IBA can be classified according to Champion and Seth (1968) as Dry Teak, Dry Sal and South Indian Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest. Teak Tectona grandis occurs mainly in Schistose rock and in alluvial banks around rivers and streams (A. M. K. Bharos pers. comm. 2002). The important teak areas are on the Tenduchua hills. Sal Shorea robusta forest occurs mainly around village Gidpuri. Mixed forest areas harbour Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus, Terminalia sp. and other species.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 110 bird species have been recorded (A. M. K. Bharos pers. comm. 2003). The site lies in Biome-11 representing Indo- Malayan Tropical Dry Zone and therefore its typical bird species are found here. Besides the two Critically Endangered vulture species, this IBA site also has the Vulnerable Green Munia Amandava formosa. Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni is also reported in winter. Out of the 59 Biome-11 species, 25 have been seen here. Most of them are quite common and widespread. This site was selected as an IBA mainly for the Green Munia, which is under tremendous threat from habitat destruction and trapping (BirdLife International 2001, Rajat Bhargava pers. comm. 2002). A small nesting colony of Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis, with 4 active nests, was located in 2001. The population is estimated to be 18 near village Rampur, and there could be more in other parts of the Sanctuary. Near Threatened Greater Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus is also found near streams.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Barnawapara has the typical biodiversity of central India’s Dry Deciduous Forest, with its complement of well-known large mammals such as the Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricornis, Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Barking Deer or Indian Muntjak Muntiacus muntjak and Wild Boar Sus scrofa. This area is famous for its population of Gaur. Medium sized carnivores are Striped Hyaena Hyaena hyaena, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Wolf C. lupus and Indian Wild Dog Cuon alpinus.

Jungle Cat Felis chaus represents the small carnivores. Not much work has been done on reptiles, but Indian Rock Python Python molurus and Indian Cobra Naja naja are found here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Unknown  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Barnawapara Sanctuary 24,466 is identical to site 24,466  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlement

Acknowledgements Key contributor: A. M. K. Bharos.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Tiwari, S. K. (1997) Wildlife Sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh. APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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