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Location India, Chhattisgarh
Central coordinates 82o 26.60' East  21o 25.27' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 24,466 ha
Altitude 265 - 400m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary derives its name from Bar and Nawapara forest valleys which are close to each other and situated in the middle of the Sanctuary. The site comes under Raipur Forest Division, and includes the reserved forests in Lawan and Sonakhan Forest Ranges. It is situated 15 km north of block headquarters Pithora on National Highway - 6, 100 km from Raipur town, and is approachable in all seasons. The terrain is generally flat, with some hills varying from 265 to 400 m. There are numerous perennial and seasonal streams - all tributaries of the Mahanadi river. Summer is very hot, and most of these streams dry out. The Forest Department has created some waterholes, where most of the wildlife concentrates in summer. The forest of this IBA can be classified according to Champion and Seth (1968) as Dry Teak, Dry Sal and South Indian Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest. Teak Tectona grandis occurs mainly in Schistose rock and in alluvial banks around rivers and streams (A. M. K. Bharos pers. comm. 2002). The important teak areas are on the Tenduchua hills. Sal Shorea robusta forest occurs mainly around village Gidpuri. Mixed forest areas harbour Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus, Terminalia sp. and other species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Barnawapara Sanctuary 24,466 is identical to site 24,466  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlement

Acknowledgements Key contributor: A. M. K. Bharos.

References 

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Tiwari, S. K. (1997) Wildlife Sanctuaries of Madhya Pradesh. APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2014

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