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Location India, Bihar
Central coordinates 86o 55.80' East  25o 17.38' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 5,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description A 60 km stretch of the River Ganga extending from Sultanganj, eastward to Kahalgaon has been notified as the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary. During monsoon, the river inundates a vast floodplain and the river course also changes a bit. There are many small sandbars inhabited by birds. They serve as breeding grounds for many birds, especially the section from Sultamour to Bhagalpur, a 36 km stretch, which seems to be a paradise for birds and other aquatic animals.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Vikramshila Sanctuary 0 is identical to site 5,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Mandar Nature Club (Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary) 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Transport
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sandeep Behera, Arvind Mishra and R. K. Sinha.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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