|Central coordinates||84o 8.60' East 27o 18.50' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||125 - 880m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Valmiki Tiger Reserve is located in the northernmost part of West Champaran district of Bihar. The Rivers Gandak and Masan flow through this area. The core area of the Tiger Reserve is a National Park (Jain 2001). Most of the terai forests and grasslands in Bihar have been converted in to agricultural fields. Valmiki Tiger Reserve is the only such habitat left untouched in Bihar. This Reserve is also under tremendous pressure from encroachers and poachers. Saraiya Man Bird Sanctuary is a freshwater body c. 7 km from Bagha. It is known for good numbers of waterbirds. We have designated this small bird sanctuary and the Tiger Reserve as one IBA. The forest types include Mixed Deciduous Forests, Cane brakes, grasslands and swamp forests. Important trees include Sal Shorea robusta, Khair Acacia catechu and Cane Calamus pseudo-tenuis.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Valmiki||National Park||33,565||protected area contained by site||33,565|
|Valmiki||Sanctuary||54,467||protected area contained by site||54,467|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature education and conservation|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Arvind Mishra, Asad R. Rahmani and Pushp Jain.
Anonymous (1993) Important fauna of tiger reserves. Project Tiger, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International. Cambridge, U.K.
Gopi Sundar, K. S., Kaur, J. and Choudhury, B. C. (2000) Distribution, demography and conservation status of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 97 (3): 319-339.
Jain, P. (2001) Project Tiger Status Report, Project Tiger, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.
Javed, S. and Rahmani, A. R. (1991) Swamp Francolin in the north Indian terai. World Pheasant Assoc. News. 34: 15-18.
Javed, S. and Rahmani, A. R. (1998) Conservation of the avifauna of Dudwa National Park, India. Forktail 14: 55-64.
Mukherjee, A. K. (1986) The ecology and conservation of Bengal Florican Eupodotis bengalensis (Gmelin). In Majpuria, T. J. (ed.) Wildlife Wealth of India. Thailand Teepress Service.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Valmiki Tiger Reserve and Saraiyaman Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014
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