|Central coordinates||86o 8.00' East 25o 37.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kawar (Kabar) Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, also a Ramsar Site, is the largest freshwater lake in northern Bihar. It is a residual oxbow lake formed by the changing course of the River Gandak, a tributary of the Ganga. In years of average rainfall, the Kawar Lake joins with the nearby Nagri Lake, Bikrampur Chaur and Burhi Gandak, a tributary of the River Ganga, to form a lake of about 7,400 ha. By late summer, however, the water is confined to the deeper areas of only c. 200 to 300 ha. As the water level recedes, over 2,400 ha of the exposed mudflats are converted into paddy fields. There is a permanent island (Jaimanglagarh) of about 130 ha in the southeast corner of the lake. Kawar Lake experiences tropical monsoon climate typical of the middle Gangetic plain. The lake supports a rich and diverse aquatic flora. Submerged macrophytes include Hydrilla verticillata, Potamogeton crispus and Najas minor. Emergent macrophytes include Oryza sativa and Ipomea aquatica (Anon. 1993).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kabar Lake||Sanctuary||6,311||is identical to site||6,311|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Kawar/Kabar Lake Bird Sanctuary (Mandar Nature Club)||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Grazing land|
|Notes: Irrigation; Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Arvind Mishra, Ali Hussain and Mehboob Alam.
Anonymous (1993) Directory of Indian Wetlands, WWF-INDIA, New Delhi and AWB Kuala Lumpur, xvi + 264 pp; 32 maps.
Anonymous (2002) Bird Banders Training Programme Final Report, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
George, P. V. (1964) Notes on migrant birds in North Bihar, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 61: 370-384 Shahi S.P. (1982) Bird massacre in Manjhaul. Hornbill 3: 17-22.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kawar (Kabar) Lake Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/09/2014
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