|Central coordinates||90o 30.00' East 26o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Altitude||30 - 499m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Tamaranga-Dalani-Bhairab Complex includes the wetlands of Tamaranga, Konora, Paropota and Dalani, and an isolated hillock, Bhairab Pahar, in western Assam. The hillock has been proposed as a reserve forest. The area comprises four wetlands totalling more than 1,000 ha, and one proposed Reserve Forest of c. 3,605 ha. This IBA site is situated only 30 km from Bongaigaon town, the district headquarters. The beels (wetlands) are leased out by the Government for fishing. The proposed Reserve Forest is rocky hillock, part of an Archaean plateau, covered with degraded Moist Deciduous Forest and Bamboo brakes. Tamaranga and Dalani are large beels that attract many migratory birds including some rare ones. They are also good breeding grounds for resident waterbirds. The hill is surrounded by tribal settlements of the Bodo, Garo and Rabha tribes, who have been involved by the Forest Department under the Joint Forest Management scheme to protect the biodiversity. To promote ecotourism, the district administration has initiated a project named Bihanga Vihar. The wetlands are covered with Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes. Wherever this pernicious weed is not found, submerged and emergent plants can be seen. The surrounding forest is Tropical Moist Deciduous, dominated by Sal Shorea robusta.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Hilloljyoti Singha, Kulojyoti Lahkar and Sadashib Nath Sen.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000): The Birds of Assam, Gibbon Books & WWFIndia NE Region, Guwahati. Pp. 240.
Choudhury, A. U. (2002): Golden langur Trachypithecus geei threatened by habitat fragmentation. Zoo’s Print Journal 17 (2): 699-703.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tamaranga - Dalani - Bhairab Complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/09/2014
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