|Central coordinates||94o 0.00' East 27o 3.22' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This site is located near the confluence of the Ranga river with the Khabolu river and consists of degraded grassland with beels and marshes. The woodland area has been completely destroyed due to felling. This site was known as Milroy Buffalo Sanctuary during British days as a good number of Asiatic Wild Buffalo Bubalus arnee (= bubalis) used to occur (Choudhury 1994). Situated 20 km south of Lakhimpur town, the district headquarters, this wetland complex is an important site for waterbirds.
AVIFAUNA: More than 130 species have been listed but more are likely to occur (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). Among threatened species, regularly seen are the Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus, Spot-bill Pelican Pelecanus philippensis and Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis. The White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata has not been reported in recent years (Choudhury 2000). A few thousand waders and ducks winter in the area. It is also a potential site for the Vulnerable species Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Gangetic Dolphin Plantanista gangetica is seen in the Khabolu river while the Water Buffalo has become stray. Tiger Panthera tigris is an occasional visitor (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Bikul Goswami..
Choudhury, A. U. (1994) The decline of Wild water buffalo in Northeastern India. Oryx 28(1): 70-73.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000) The Birds of Assam. Gibbon Books and WWFIndia, N E Regional Office, Guwahati.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pabho Reserve Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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