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Location India, Assam
Central coordinates 93o 1.45' East  25o 47.97' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 67,400 ha
Altitude 100 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description This site includes Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary (45,100 ha) in Karbi Anglong district and Lumding Reserve Forest (22,300 ha) in Nagaon district covering parts of central Assam. A part of this area, along with Dhansiri Reserve Forest, was proposed for a tiger reserve (Choudhury 1998). It is already a part of Dhansiri- Lungding Elephant Reserve that was notified in 2003. Marat Longri WLS includes four reserve forests: Disama, Kaki (Karbi Anglong part), Inglongkiri and Miyungdisa. The area consists of plains and undulating country to low hills, which are part of the Karbi plateau and plains of the Kopili and Diyung rivers. Other important rivers are Jamuna and Lungding. The Jamuna river marks the northern boundary of Marat Longri WLS. While these rivers are perennial, most of the smaller streams become dry during winter. The area has a tropical monsoon type climate: summers hot and wet, winters cool and dry. The area is in a relatively low rainfall zone (rain-shadow area) of northeast India. The forest type is tropical Moist Deciduous and Tropical Semievergreen. Abandoned jhums (slash-and-burn shifting cultivation of hill tribes) are covered with various grasses such as Themeda villosa, Saccharum procerum, Imperata cylindrica, Eupatorium odoratum, and shrubs. Plantations of the Forest Department are mostly of Teak Tectona grandis, Gmelina arborea and Albizzia procera.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dhansiri-Lungding Elephant Reserve Other 0 protected area contains site 67,400  
Lumding Reserve Forest Other 22,300 protected area contained by site 22,300  
Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary Other 45,100 protected area contained by site 45,100  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Jhum cultivation
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.

References 

Choudhury, A. U. (1993) A naturalist in Karbi Anglong. Gibbon Books, Guwahati.

Choudhury, A. U. (1996) Survey of primates in some parts of eastern and central Assam. Final Report to ASTEC, Guwahati. 32pp.+ maps.

Choudhury, A. U. (1998) Dhansiri Tiger Reserve. Revised proposal. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati. 30pp. + map.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lumding - Marat Longri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife