|Central coordinates||92o 46.27' East 26o 32.90' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||60 - 70m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary (7,011 ha) is located in Nagaon district in central Assam. It was declared as a game reserve way back in 1907 because of its population of Indian One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis. Burhachapori Wildlife Sanctuary (4,406 ha) is contiguous with Laokhowa, and is located on the south bank of the Brahmaputra west of the Kolia Bhomara Bridge near Tezpur. This Sanctuary, however, is in Sonitpur district. During summer, Burhachapori virtually becomes an island. Both Laokhowa and Burhachapori are on the floodplains of the Brahmaputra river. In Burhachapori, about 20% is forest, 65% grasslands and the rest waterbodies and scrub forest. Laokhowa is similar to Kaziranga in terrain and situated further downstream on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. Roughly 35% of Laokhowa is grassland, 30% waterbodies and the remaining area under natural forest or plantations of Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sissoo and Albizzia procera. Marasuti, a tributary of the Brahmaputra flows along the northwestern part of the Sanctuary (Bhagabati and Lahkar 1998, Choudhury 1998). The natural vegetation is mainly forest interspersed with tall trees, grasslands and wetland vegetation. The forests are primarily of Tropical Moist Deciduous, with patches of Semi-evergreen types. The understorey is found to vary from one forest patch to another, depending upon the character of the dominant trees. In some patches, it is dominated by Pteridophytes, and in others by species of Eupatorium, Mikania and Ageratum. Climbers and herbs like Hydrocotyle and Colocasia are present. Some epiphytic ferns, namely Asplenium and Pyrrosia can be seen. The dominant trees include Albizzia procera, Acacia catechu, Barringtonia acutangula, Dalbergia sisoo and Bombax ceiba. Grasses grow in the relatively dry areas (Bhagabati and Lahkar 1998).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Burachapori||Sanctuary||4,406||protected area contained by site||4,406|
|Laokhowa||Sanctuary||7,011||protected area contained by site||7,011|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Agriculture (in forest villages)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Conservation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Kulojyoti Lahkar, Anwaruddin Choudhury, Asad R. Rahmani, Goutam Narayan, Abani Kr. Bhagavati and Shimanta Kumar Goswami.
Bhagabati, A. K. and Lahkar, K. (1998) Report: Some aspects of biodiversity and its conservation in the river islands of Brahmaputra, Assam. WWF-India NE Region, Guwahati and Assam Science Society, Guwahati.
Choudhury, A. U. (1998) Survey of grasslands in some parts of Central & Southern Assam: to assess their biodiversity and socio-economic problems. Report to the WWF-India NE Regional office, Guwahati. 99 pp + maps.
Choudhury, A. (2002) Current status and conservation of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in northeast India. In: Birds of Wetlands and Grasslands: Proceedings of the Salim Ali Centenary Seminar on Conservation of Avifauna of Wetlands and Grasslands. Pp. 90-94. Eds. Rahmani, A. R. and G. Ugra. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
Goswami, S. K., Medhi, C. and Goswami, B. B. (1999) Rediscovery of Bengal Florican (Eupodotis bengalensis) in Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 39 (4): 64-65 Lahkar, K. (2003) Birds of Laokhowa and Burhachapori wildlife sanctuaries. Report to be submitted to the Oriental Bird Club, UK.
Rahmani, A. R, Narayan, G., Rosalind, L. and Sankaran, R. (1990) Status of the Bengal Florican in India. In: Status and Ecology of the Lesser and Bengal floricans. Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp. 155.
Talukdar, B. K. (1995) New record of Bengal Florican in Burhachapori reserved forest, Assam. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 35(3): 53
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/10/2014
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