|Central coordinates||94o 18.67' East 27o 14.05' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kuarbari or Koabari is a small marshy area near Dhakuakhana township in Lakhimpur district, eastern Assam. Surrounded by villages with cultivation, this site attracts a large number of waterfowl including Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis, Greater Leptoptilos dubius and Lesser L. javanicus Adjutants and Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans (Choudhury 2000). The villagers in the area are highly motivated to protect the area and there is virtually no hunting, although poisoning was regular in the past. Dalani means swamp. Dal is a kind of aquatic grass. This wetland IBA has the usual short grasses on the fringe. Bamboos and tall trees are found in the surrounding villages.
AVIFAUNA: Detailed study on this site has been conducted since 1989. Due to the protection by villagers, quite a large number of waterfowl are found here, although the site still does not qualify in A4iii criteria (= 20,000 waterbirds). This site has been selected purely on the basis of regular and significant numbers of the adjutant storks found here. Critically Endangered Oriental White-backed Vultures Gyps benghalensis and Slender-billed vultures G. tenuirostris are also seen, but they are widespread, move around a lot and are found in numerous other areas.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: As the wetland is surrounded by human habitation, not many wild mammals are found in the site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2003||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Bikul Goswami, Anwaruddin Choudhury and Megamix.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000) Birds of Assam, Gibbon Books & WWF-India NE Region, Guwahati. Pp. 240.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kuarbari Dalani. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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