|Central coordinates||91o 46.00' East 26o 16.00' North|
|Altitude||45 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Jengdia or Jaingia Beel is located north of Guwahati city in Kamrup district. It is a freshwater lake with marshes on the fringe. The IBA lies in the floodplains of the Brahmaputra river. There are hillocks nearby covered with degraded mixed scrub and shrub vegetation. Satgaon village is known for the nesting of Greater and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and L. javanicus. The village is c. 25 km from Guwahati by road, otherwise it is just 5 km as the crow flies.
AVIFAUNA: Jengdia Beel is known for migratory waterfowl, and Satgaon village for the nesting colonies of Greater and Lesser Adjutants. The Greater Adjutant, often seen in Guwahati city, breeds here (Hilloljyoti Singha pers comm. 2002). According to A. U. Choudhury (pers. comm. 2003), during 1994-95, there were 17 nests of Lesser Adjutant and seven of Greater Adjutant. In the previous years, more nests of both species were there and now the number has decreased due to cutting of trees and killing of young, by Garo and Bodo tribes living nearby, for the pot. However, cutting of trees is the main problem as the villagers often resent killing of these birds.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not many large mammals survive in this area as it is densely inhabited. However, Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Golden Jackal Canis aureus are occasionally seen.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Pollution||excess energy - noise pollution||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Wetlands (inland)||0||0||good (> 90%)||good (> 90%)||favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Jengdia Beel SSG||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Human habitation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Kulojyoti Lahkar, Anwaruddin Choudhury, Hilloljyoti Singha and Nur Hussain.
Choudhury, A. U. (2003). Conservation of the Greater Adjutant Stork in and around Guwahati city. Dept. of Environment & Forests, Government of Assam, Guwahati. Pp. 3.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jengdia Beel and Satgaon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/08/2016
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