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Location India, Assam
Central coordinates 91o 46.00' East  26o 16.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 500 ha
Altitude 45 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Jengdia or Jaingia Beel is located north of Guwahati city in Kamrup district. It is a freshwater lake with marshes on the fringe. The IBA lies in the floodplains of the Brahmaputra river. There are hillocks nearby covered with degraded mixed scrub and shrub vegetation. Satgaon village is known for the nesting of Greater and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and L. javanicus. The village is c. 25 km from Guwahati by road, otherwise it is just 5 km as the crow flies.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Jengdia Beel is known for migratory waterfowl, and Satgaon village for the nesting colonies of Greater and Lesser Adjutants. The Greater Adjutant, often seen in Guwahati city, breeds here (Hilloljyoti Singha pers comm. 2002). According to A. U. Choudhury (pers. comm. 2003), during 1994-95, there were 17 nests of Lesser Adjutant and seven of Greater Adjutant. In the previous years, more nests of both species were there and now the number has decreased due to cutting of trees and killing of young, by Garo and Bodo tribes living nearby, for the pot. However, cutting of trees is the main problem as the villagers often resent killing of these birds.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not many large mammals survive in this area as it is densely inhabited. However, Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Golden Jackal Canis aureus are occasionally seen.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius breeding  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2012 very high favourable low
  unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Jengdia Beel SSG 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human habitation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Kulojyoti Lahkar, Anwaruddin Choudhury, Hilloljyoti Singha and Nur Hussain.

References 

Choudhury, A. U. (2003). Conservation of the Greater Adjutant Stork in and around Guwahati city. Dept. of Environment & Forests, Government of Assam, Guwahati. Pp. 3.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jengdia Beel and Satgaon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife